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on Astrology:

09:16 February 09, 2014 A.D. Burbank, CA.

 

Part I Nostradamus Clients voice opinions on his astrology

Part 2 Climata : Sixteenth Century ( pre-modern latitudes)
 

Nostradamus became a professional astrologer approximately after 1558. He had engaged in chart interpretations prior, but about this time requests came from clients requesting chart constructions and readings became readily steady. Prior to 1558, he had mainly been engaged in his work on Astreology. After completing Les Propheties.... he would continue producing Almanacs, funding waterwork projects and writing long interpreted astrological analysis for clientele up till his very last night alive. Nostradamus often complained that analysis, a type of reading into the future at client’s requests for specific enquiries, often took months if not years. This could be explained that one analysis is 119 pages long. This is typical of a book-length project.

Cyprian Leowitz (1524-1574), who had produced an addition to Tabulae directionum de Regiomontanus (1552),[1]  is usually compared with Nostradamus’ abilities in chart casting.  

Luca Gauriens, who left no detailed information for his methodologies, is usually compared in horoscopic prediction to Nostradamus. The methodology of Les Propheties.... does not appear to be conveyed under normative horoscopic methods. Horoscopes were from its ancient historical application(s), a chart or charts erected at a supposed ‘birth time’ for an event or person. Then a certain type of interaction in the form of what was called a reading took place, in hopes of predicting potential or fated circumstances. This included some type of mathematical ability in understanding the local horizon to construction of a house system of some system with non-variable data. Nostradamus worked within variable data. Nostradamus’ system of astronomical calculation for his major work in Les Propheties....appears not to be in the horoscopic application. There remains no evidence that he had worked with a local mean time, or local cusps and local houses. Under this critical criteria it can be affirmed then, he had not engaged the horoscopic methodology, which is the normative understanding of astrology for ancient and for modern methods. Nostradamus worked within a lesser known application of astrology, usually associated with initiates or free thinkers. Earlier Nostradamus historians such as David Pitt Francis [2] had correctly identified the lost-distant astrological forecast that Nostradamus employed as a sort of biblical prophet methodology. Jocham de Fiore, who possibly freely barrowed Peirre’s d’Alley’s three ages, of whom the later had change the traditional two ages of the father and the son to added upon the holy spirit, had taken witnessed a reaction to such a drastic reinterpretation of ages. Nostradamus in kind, in his letter to the King (c. 1558) had changed d’Alley’s three ages at the contention of contemporary writers and astrologers of his day, and added a four stage to the great ages. This type of free thinking follows the lines in which Nostradamus practiced his type of astreology.

Peter Lemesurier must be credited to exhaustively articulating this method in the field of Nostradamus and even testing it – as a correct scientist should.

A repeated astrological forecast request from Padua (c. 1559)

While it is doubtful that Nostradamus attended Montpellier in any capacity, the Alumnus of the famed ( one of the three most respected European medical institutions of its day) medical institution reappear in Nostradamus’ life, usually in the capacity of asking favors or small business transactions for agreed upon services.  One such client was Sigismund Woyssell who had studied humanities at Augsburg with H. Wolf.[3] He was a Montpellier alumnus whose name is inscribed upon the medical school’s admissions book, on the 8th of October, 1556.[4] Apparently, after graduating and thinking about his best chances for financial success he had proposition Nostradamus for a relocation chart prognosis. Woyssell’s letter provides us with a mid-sixteenth century astrologer-clientele enquiry.

In a letter to Nostradamus, Sigismund Woyssell of Bratislava[5] withheld criticism while at the same time criticizing Nostradamus over the “inexactness” of a chart interpretation. This letter written by Woyssell, 19 may 1559, apperently protrays a second attempt to have Nostradamus be so kind as to cast an horoscope and interpret it as his initial requests for a prognosis for a relocation.[6] Woyssell’s point of his letter, besides criticizing Nostradamus for not accurately predicting his future, is to correct a crucial mistake. He had made a crucial mistake by not sending the correct information of his birth data. In this letter he pointed out, “Credo erratum contigisse propter tempus nativitatis minus exacté‚ datum.”[7] Woyssell points out that he ‘supposes’ that Nostradamus was not accurate in his chart reading, a chart Nostradamus apparently had sent him in which he is replying to here,  because he had not provided Nostradamus with his correct birth information. Astoundingly, Woyssell further tells Nostradamus that he was born thirty-minuets earlier than the information he had provided to Nostradamus in the initial request. (So far as I know, we do not have Nostradamus’ response!).[8] After Woyssell admits the obvious, he proceeds to castigate Nostradamus over his ability to interpret his future and over his fortunes for the year of 1559. Unfortunately, Nostradamus had provided a forecast that was derived from an inaccurate data provided to him by Woyssell, in which Nostradamus had responded in a letter telling the German, he would have ‘some’ fortune in Italy.  Yet, Nostradamus warns that Woyssell  had to be careful of the number 23, in which Woyssell claims Nostradamus did not clarify. This number in symbolism of the year 1559 provided clues to how Nostradamus provided his clients with forecasts. By Woyssell’s response, Nostradamus seemed unclear in articulation to what he had forecast for the issue of the number of ‘23’ and the year 1559 and its warning of non-luck. Woyssell was not the only one who would complain of Nostradamus vagueness. To this evidence, Woyssell had issue in complaint.  Nostradamus sometimes, and maybe often to some clients, gave cryptic or vague responses to questions, which either hid the fact he had no idea of what to say, or was unsure of himself and vagueness helped mask this dilemma. So the gist of the argument is that Woyssell intends Nostradamus, without an accurate information or knowledge of him, has to read his future correctly, and at the same time Woyssell finds out his accurate information (apparently after he had sent Nostradamus the initial chart interpretation request) and asks Nostradamus to try again at providing some calming answers to an uncomfortable mid-sixteenth century European world.

Solar Return Charts were also a part of Mid-Sixteenth Century Europe

In an anonymous letter by a religious figure to Nostradamus, 16 March 1560, demonstrates that some clientele provided Solar Return chart information.  This most likely Catholic declared “Vigesima Martii praeterita huiusce anni M.D.LX Saturni die, circiter horam octavam matutinam fuit annua revolutio meae nativitatis, estque hic annus quadragesimus octavus aetatis meae.”[9] He gives his birth data through such complications. Here he says that he will be fourty-eight years old, indicated upon his solar retun for 20 March 1560. An no less, he says that it will be towards the eighth hour of the morning. He further tells Nostradamus that his chart govenor is Saturn, and that misfortune has surrounded him, including fear that comes accross in the letter-request. It is understandable to be anonymous in that he was in contention with his profession, possibly as he states, he fears of being jailed  if he leaves his particular church commitments and joins the other new church arising that one day will lead to the european era of the wars of religon. It appears that pressure of loyalty had already began, and his superiors would not allow him to abdicate his apostic position, and were hoping upon his privledge to grace Rome and their chapter would reviceve dispensation or confirmation (usually leads from financal support). This is a protestatnt sentiment, a time when the Catholic Church was increasingly placing pressure towards loyality within their chapters accross europe. This person turned to Nostradamus because he (1st), felt that Nostradamus was sympathetic to his cause and (2nd), “mihi quoque omnibus fortunae furiis et intemperiis agitato, operam tuam, ut spero, non denegabis.”[10] Word had apperently leaked out that Nostradamus was dispasionate toward one side or the other in the escalating religuos devide beginning to grip Europe at this time. Anonymous symply belives that Nostradamus had the ability to solve his problems by examining his horoscope. Yet he gives his birth date of 1512, of March 19th, a friday, at 20 hours to the prime meridian, with the altitude of 43 degrees. [check this chart]. He appears to have 8 hours of the morning confused with 8 hours of the evening and the incorrect day.

We are not certain of Nostradamus’ birth time in this star chart analysis. It is rumored to be around midday, and this analysis pertains to a little before midday. David Ovason claimed to be working on or have finished a natal chart where he was linking the stars Castor and Pollux to critical angles in effort that these stars support Nostradamus’ mysticism claims – most possible what he described in I.I and I.II, in 1555.

As example, Aculeus, Nostradamus Heliacal Rising Star, actually co-rises at 46 degrees North approximately around 4 degrees to 5 degrees and co-culminates with 27 degrees of Sagittarius. Acumen, co-culminates with zero degrees of Capricorn, whereas Nostradamus’ sun would actually be closer too if we use the Julian Calendar system for December 14th, 1503. Bernadette Brady in her astrological star book "Brady’s Book of Fixt Stars " (1998)  intends “[A]cumen carries the negative or shadowy side, so it has to do with attacks that weaken, that can eventually damage the person. Both aculas and acumen have these dark issues attached to them. Vincent van Gogh, Marilyn Monore, Mozart, to name just a few. Artists often if elevated above others grow from often periods of extreme hardship. Aculeus leans toward the less destructive style of attack, the sort the individual can endure and use to harden or strengthen themselves. Margaret Thatcher and Edward VIII of England have Aculeus in their charts.”[1] Certainly Nostradamus received a more than fair share of critical and vitriolic attacks. Certainly topics of that of forecasts are contentious issues dealing with fate or predestination. After 1606, slowly but steadily down through the centuries,[2] Astrology’s fatedness disappeared along with its social stigma to arrive at an historical position of a suggestive prognosis. Most modern astrologers intend astrology as a life-guide-post in which choice as its prime factor is offered to the individual by examining critical criteria, usually in the form of a personal horoscope.

The system Bernadette uses is associated with a concept by Ptolemy, most likely adopted[3],   called “passages” for stars and its influence on the individual’s life-span and also a locality affect of stars in relations to an individual’s local horizons, based upon a written work by Anonymous of 379 C.E., a “The Treaties on Bright Fixed Stars,” written by an unknown author. [4] Yet, Bernadette Brady is also an astrologer in the normative sense and uses a constellation of historical and modern systems. For this page, we are concerned only with stars. We really do not have Nostradamus accurate birth time.

One thing should be noted in using stars, and Ptolemy may have pointed this out – I knew by reading Brady’s excellent work that she noted the same. There are many stars and trying to link them all to one’s chart, it will be filled up with confusion of interpretations – from each star’s meaning. This star report by the Syntara Star program ( which if offered for sale) is more informative than I’d anticipated for a single star-chart analysis. I had the pleasure of being introduced to Fix Stars from 1998, when here book on Fixt Stars came out to the public (see sources below for a full Title). I tend to use only five or less stars, as the more stars used, actually confuses me –personally. It is probably more interesting to work with a few simple stars and gather empirical evidence than to get overwhelmed by trying to read a chart with so many stars. However, other people may find it not challenging at all, and would actually want more chart-stars per chart.

Brady’s main importance to astrology, besides reintroducing stars back into modern astrology, was to reconnect the locality of interpretation. In some sense, this was a brilliant achievement and is the reason for this star report on Nostradamus. As commented below, and in my other Nostradamus pages, we will see that one of the two major stars ( two of them at one’s birth) actually agrees with Nostradamus historiography.

Did Nostradamus use stars?

Yes, it is confirmed in his correspondence and writings, to the extent is still under investigation. We had known that Nostradamus had written his last Almanac atop a natural Castle observatory, in order to see the local stars at night. This is the same almanac that some Nostradamians claim he had predicted the famous battle of Lapanto, or its ramifications. Previously, the system used was ‘apparent,’ and most likely this was a part of the schemata of Ptolemy’s available work said to been published prior to Cardano’s commentaries on it of his publication of 1576.  A. Piccolomini, who in 1540 published an index of fixt stars and an atlas in which bright fixed stars of the constellations known at the time were assigned letters of the Latin alphabet. Albrecht Durer (1471-1528 ) produced a work on stars based upon the poles of the ecliptic which gave the 1022 stars of Ptolemy. Certainly publications for star –astrology, already well documented, had been a part of mid-sixteenth century astrology communities.

This meant the relationship of the star’s position as it was addressed from the vantage point of the earth’s poles. This mean only stars such as Regulus, could actually be placed somewhat accurately upon one’s chart (it being close the ecliptic). Brady’s book on Fixt Stars, and her subsequent work on stars, helped alleviate this limitation. Now we can go back to the Egyptian “cosmic” methodology, as well as the Sumerian (whatever name that was).

 


[1] Dupèbe, Jean, Nostradamus Lettres Inédites (Genève: Librarie Droz S.A., 1983), p. 41.

[2] David Pitt Francis, “Nostradamus: Prophecies of Present Times” (Wellingboroug, Northamptonshire: The Aquarian Press, 1984)., see p. 146,  astrological historical matching of planets., etc.. many places in the book.

[3] Ibid., Nostradamus Lettres Inédites, note 1, p. 38, Jeremias Martin (Martinum Augustanum, p. 37),mentioned in the letter to which receive and pass on the correspondence and chart interpretation, had also been recorded in the Montpellier admissions book 2 June 1558.

[4] Ibid., Nostradamus Lettres Inédites, note 2, p. 38, cited in Matricule, p. 138, n° 2157 [Montpellier archives].

[5] Ibid., p. 37. Priora illa non vitupero, sed tamen minus conve-nire videntur, praesertim illud.

[6] Woyssell wanted to know if moving to Rome would bring him financial success, in which he tells Nostradamus who had predicted fortune by moving to Italy, that he had only ‘so far’ experienced disappointment. Woyssell character in his letter makes out a person who does not want to hear negative things about his future.

[7] Ibid., p. 37. Woyssell points out the he ‘supposes’ that Nostradamus was not accurate because he had not provided Nostradamus with his correct birth information.

[8] Every four minuets, the zodiac (or the sky) moves approximately one degree (of a total of 360 degrees per day). a thirty minuet discrepancy, Woyssell ‘s mistake, meant that all the planets and houses would be highly inaccurate – even after Nostradamus own mathematical incompetence.

[9] Ibid., Nostradamus Lettres Inédites, p. 48. [Thème] Innominati cvivsdam an. Salut. MDxii, D. XIX. Martii. H. XX. M.V. P. M. Alt. Po. XLIII. [16 v°]

[10] Ibid., Nostradamus Lettres Inédites, p. 48.

 

II. Climata : Sixteenth Century ( pre-modern latitudes)

French: Oronce Finé (b. 20 December 1494, Briançon, d. 8 August 1555, Paris), Latin: Orontius Finnaeus (or Finaeus), Italian:  Oronzio Fineo, a French Mathematician and cartographer. Education: Paris, College of Navarre.

Orance Finé,  Science et estrologie au XVI siecle, et son horloge planetarie 2v. :ill; 23 cm. (Paris: bibliothèque de Sainte-Geneviève, 1544 (?)), reprinted ( in full?) in 1971 by Denise Hillard and Emmanuel Poulle, [copy, Doe, Lib.]

Orance Finé provides a list of pre modern latitudes for major cities.

( ~  nearest to degree)

Orance Finé (mid- sixteenth century) Climata

Modern Longitude

Sicily 37 degrees

 

 

Rome       42 degrees  Italy

Rome 41 N 54 (~ 42 degrees)  / 12 E 29

London    54 degrees

London 51 N 30 / 0 W 10

Berlin       54 degrees

Berlin 52 N 29-32 / 13 E 21-25

Venice     45 degrees

Venice 45 N 27 / 12 E 21

Bologna   45 degrees

Bologna  44 N 29 / 11 E 20

Paris        48 degrees

Paris 48N 52 (~ 49 degrees) 2 E 20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

St. Remy de Provence ( France 1-3)

43 N 47 / 4 E 05

Paris (?) (V. XCVIII)

( ~  approximate to degree)

Projected Elliptical Degrees PED of Some Ptolemy Stars: early sixteenth century.

(PED) Aldebaran 3 Genimi

(PED) Algol 19 Taurus

(PED) Regulus 23 Leo (close to ecliptic)

(PED) Sirius: 7 Cancer

(PED) Spica: 17 Libra

Markab, approx., 1-2 degrees as non association, Aries at St. Remy., paran. (?)

“Ptolemy says this star has the nature of Mars and Mercury. Robson talks of it giving honors, but also danger from cuts, blows, fevers, stabs, and violent death. Ebertin links this star to intellectual alertness, mental powers, and a good head for figures; Rigor to good fortune that is subjected to disgrace.”[1]

Bellatrix: St. Remy., 6-8 degrees of Cancer, look at stellium of Nostradamus’ chart, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn(?).

Ptolemy states that the stars of the shoulders are like Mars and Mercury. Robson stalks of “Quickly Coming and Quickly Destroying” ( his capitals). Ebertin list qualities such as fighting spirit, courage, ability to organize, but often recklessly. Rigor, however, emphasizes great civil honors for men but, for women, loquaciousness and forcefulness.”[2]

Nostradamus mentions Fixt Stars in his letters and works.

How much do we know of his use of them in application, is still little known. David Ovason, has to my knowledge, done the most work on this area of Nostradamus’ life and methodologies.  You can find his work on Nostradamus in my Bibliography section.

Fixt,  the word adopted and still used today, implied the lexicography of Aristotelian cosmology, (i.e. the immovable bodies of the outer sphere, beyond the planets), where everything was ‘immovable.’ That is to say, the planets moved across the sky and the stars remained in an apparent immovable space. The stars, or “lights” in this case, appeared ‘fixed’ as other light bodies moved at varying rates across the sky. A star approximately moves from its apparent position in the sky of ‘one degree’ every seventy-two years. To a human, as scientist on the ground, the star does not appear to move from its nightly position in relations to its neighbor stars.

Ptolemy’s astrological book, Tetrabiblos (Here he gives the planarity attributes to stars, usually in the form of two planet attributes to a single star).

Bernadette Brady on Two Histories of Fixt Star Applications.

Without any textual source for this speculation, humans must have viewed the planets and stars from when they stood. This was the local universe to these humans, and casting any type of astrological chart had its locality emphasized. Therefore, stars must have been calculated to their ‘ true’ positions as humans could only stand outside at night and record them. In Egyptian and Sumerian astrology, this was the only way to understand what we call today astrology – a predictive concept, never spoken of in academia as a science. When the Egyptians and Sumerians began to record positions of stars and planets as methodological, this became a pre-science. One of the critical criteria to any scientific methodology is to collect reliable or somewhat reliable data. Of course, as the data was collected, disseminated and intellectually digested, it was linked to personal tragedies or personal joyousness and/or collective tragedies or collective joyousness. As phenomena appeared in the sky and at the same time something relevant to physical or emotional change occurred from the terra, humans invented communication  the discourse of concepts we know today as omens, symbols, signs and a collection of empirical data was thickly and/or thinly connected to patterns and symbols in the sky. It was humans linking the microcosm with the macrocosm – the first pretheoretical physic attempt. It was mankind’s attempt to control, or at least know for comfort reasons, what was ahead in the near to distant future that caused anxiety or consternation.

In Claudius Ptolemy’s astronomical work, later renamed by some Arab scientists during the Abbasid dynasty, during the first wave of Islam, renamed the Almagest (loose trans., Greatest Book), in which the name as description comes down to us today, he listed 1022 stars.  By use of an instrument that was developed to measure the poles of the ecliptic and the point of  the projected star that cut the ecliptic, he devised a system that would be the apparent position (not the local actual position) of these stars.  Every star had its own “ecliptic via the lines of longitude from these poles.”[3] “However, within several hundred years, astrologers had taken Ptolemy’s convenient list of stars with their elliptical degrees and were applying it to their trade, forsaking the more tedious, older methodologies. [L]ater astrologers, however, swayed by the eminence of his name, chose to use Ptolemy’s star list of elliptical projected degrees as the preferred methodology for working with fixed stars astrologically.”[4]

The importance of Brady’s point is there are two ways, an old way, and Ptolemy’s way for working with fix stars. She goes on, “[T]his was a slow transition, for in 379 C. E., “The Treaty on Bright Fixt Stars,” written by an unknown author,[5] talks of using stars which are close to the ecliptic [such as Regulus] to work with the “pivot points”[6] of the chart. This is known today as working with parans.”[7]

The original way of linking the future from viewing the sky and observing empirical data on terra was watching a local horizon star and linking it to a birth chart or a date of a chart’s birth for a interpreted reading. Constellation today remain in the Greek nomenclature and stars were renamed and remain in Arabic nomenclature.

 

Ptolemy: The Phases of Fixed Stars, p. 9

 

1st Magnitude

2nd Magnitude

Capella  (Auriga)

Algol[8] (Perseus)

Wega (Lyra)

Menkalinan[9] (Auriga)

Arcturus (Bootes)

Deneb (Cygnus)

Regulus (Leo)

Alphecca (Corona Borealis)

Denebola (Leo)

Caster (Gemini) [9/11]

Aldebaran ( Taurus)

Polux (Gemini) [9/11]

Procyon (Canis Minor)

Alpheratz (Andromeda)

Beletguese [sic] (Orion)

Altair (Aquila)

Spice (Virgo)

Bellatrix (Orion)

Rigel (Orion)

Alphard (Hydra)

Sirius (Canis Major)

Zuben eschamali (Libra)

Formalhaut (Piscis Australis)

Zuben elgenubi (Libra)

Archernar[10] (Eridanus)

Alnilam (Orion)

Canopus (Carina)

Antares (Scorpius)

Rigel Kentaurus (Centaurus)[11]

Rukbat (Sagittarius)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Ptolemy’s Fixt Star Positions

Ptolemy’s Position 150 C.E.

Ptolemy’s Position 2000 C.E.

Caster (Gemini) 23° Gem. 00’

Caster (Gemini) 19° Can. 10’

Betelgeuse (Orion) 2° Gem. 00’

Betelgeuse (Orion) 27° Gem. 50’ [9/11]

Regulus (Leo) 2° Leo. 30’

Regulus (Leo) 26° Leo. 30’

Hamel (Aries) [Nost] 10° Ari. 40’ [WWII]

Hamel (Aries) 6° Tau. 30’

Formalhaut (Piscis Australis) 7° Aqu. 00’

Formalhaut (Piscis Australis) 2° Pis. 50’

 

 

Pollux (Genini) 26° Gem. 40’

Pollux (Genini) 22° Can. 30’

 

 

 

 

Using Poles of The Equator (PED) 2000

 

Regulus (Leo) 29° Leo. 42’

 

Pollux (Genini) 23° Can. 13’

 

Hamel (Aries)  7° Tau. 39’

 

Formalhaut (Piscis Australis) 6° Pis. 02’

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

table note ([12])

 

Caster & Pollux (Gemini) were the most important sea-navigational stars, because they are roughly 4.5 degrees apart – thus easy measuring applications.

Formalhaut sometimes is spelt without the ‘r’., and it is one of the four royal stars, according to the Arab scientists.

Ptolemy and the ancients were more into “phases” of stars. As example, Egyptian Cosmic star association was when a star rose exactly ( ~ degree, in paran (Heliacal rising)) with one of the planets, or more practiced the luminaries in their days). Apparent, was associations without exactitude degrees, and systems differed, but were important to astrology at that time. An example, was the first bright star to rise “before” the sun on one’s birthday was ‘apparent’ and had special meaning to one’s life. This was linked to a constellation of calculated phenomena of “passages.” These stars, Spica ( linked to the Harvest), and Sirius ( linked to the Nile and calendar Egyptian dating system(s)),  were very important passage stars to the Egyptians. Their ‘cosmic risings’ and ‘apparent risings’ in passages were important information to the Egyptians. Ptolemy points out the only Heliacal rising stars should be used with the list of Magnitude one or two stars.[13]

Each star according to Ptolemy’s knowledge gained and reinterpreted for his own versions, had planetary traits. usually this took the form in two planet’s combined attributes. Brady frames it as “ [H]e published the work in the Tetrabiblos, chapter 9 [ reinterpreting planetary traits to each star, Nostradamus most likely had owned this work, at least a summary or section from this work] where he makes such statements as: “The stars in the head of Aries posses an influence similar in its effect to that of Mars and Saturn.”[14] Ovasan linked one of Nostradamus’ poems to World War II planetary aspects, where Nostradamus says the something about the head of Aries and war, which then was in Taurus, see chart above, that is Hamel. Nostradamus’ contemporaries had also used the terminology of this work, and Mars with Saturn, indeed, was connected with sometimes an aggression from states. Bernadette goes deep with what she perceives Ptolemy meant by the linkages between “the energy of each fixed star to a combination of planetary energies.”[15] “In the Timaeus, Plato talks of the creator, the Demiurge, making the human soul in the same manner as the Soul of the Universe, and that the number of these souls is the number of the fixed stars. Based on this, the “wandering stars,” or planets, were singled out as the time keepers [ Nostradamus links this concept, not that he had Plato’s works in front of him, to cyclical reincarnation], and it was thought that souls moved from fixed stars to the wanderers, their power thereby translated into the souls of men.”[16]

Luca Gauriens (1533), a published work on tables and houses of astrology.

Astrologer to some Medici. 

As teacher of his own school, he had taught Julius C. Scaliger.

Probably Nostradamus was grateful for Scaliger for teaching him some astronomy/astrology tricks.

Gauriens was probably, besides Dee, one of the top most famous European astrologer of the early to mid-sixteenth century.

Nostradamus’ fame as an astrologer, at least in perception and contemporary European discourse, came late in his life. It was connected to prose Almanacs, and later Almanacs that contained monthly astronomical phenomena, related to agriculture, health and social prognoses and prognostications, that were in all senses of the word, soothsaying applications. His later and main work, These Prophecies (1555, 1557, 1558), were based upon different empirical phenomena, and helps to explain his Latin poem that is sometimes associated with ‘Centvrie VI.C,’ or the extra Centvrie VI.C, he relates to his readership for soothsayers ( that is horoscopes chart predictions for forecasts for the immediate future) to not try to interpret these types of normative astrological methods to his poems. Gauriens was a soothsayer, but a successful one at that. He predicted marriages and births of some of the European high-class, but is famous for warning King Henry II of France not to Duel in an enclosed tournament field, apparently from an astrology chart he had interpreted. His fame is due to Nostradamus historiography. That is to say, that books relating about I.XXXV, usually brings up his name in countless books, which means his name is repeated more often than normal western astrology books. Yet, unfortunately, we do not have his writings for his interpretations, and this explains a little why Nostradamus remains more famous. Why Nostradamus had a dismal record, Nostradamus’ works survive – which helps the scientific method. We academics read in an ancient text that this person or that person was a prophet or a celebrity astrologer, this information is useless unless it had been preserved for study, and archrival purposes for scientific application. Late in Nostradamus’ life, he had written interpretations of Charts for clients that were a size of a small book (as I’m writing this, not all of his known works have been translated out of the original manuscripts and translated into English or modern French today.). It is unfortunate, that Gauriens had great mentions by contemporaries of his astrological prowess, but his work remains unknown to us today.

 


 

[1] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, p. 181.

[2] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, p. 173.

[3] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, p. 10.

[4] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, p. 11.

[5] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, note 23, p. 11, Anonymous of 379. See The Treaties on the Bright Fixt Stars, trans. Robert Schmidt (Berkeley Springs, WV: Golden Hind Press, 1994), p. 379.

[6] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, note 24, p. 11, Ascendant and Descendant, MC, and IC.

[7] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, p. 11.

[8] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, note *, p. 331, Ptolemy just says “the bright star in Perseus.” The Brightest star is Marfak, but common opinions is that Ptolemy was referring to Algol. [ Algo’s brightness is variable]

[9] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, note †, p. 331, This star is not included in the text as Capella and El Nath, which are included, are also from Auriga.

[10] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, note **, p. 331, Ptolemy says here “ the last star in Eirdanus.” In his day this was the star Acamar. However, this star only has a magnitude of 3 and therefore it is strange that he would include it on his list of first magnitude stars. In modern times the constellation was extended to end with Achernar, a star with a magnitude of 0.4. Since this is such a bright star, it can be concluded that this is t he star to which Ptolemy was referring.

[11] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, note ††, p. 331, Also called Toliman.

[12] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, Appendix E: Elliptical Degree: Ptolemy’s method verses the modern system, pp. 417- 431., only a selected few stars. Purchase the book if one wants to see all the stars and their comparative positions.

[13] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars (York Beach, ME: Samuel Weiser, Inc., 1998), p. 330. Her star maps in this book are approximate, and one should ascertain an astrological program for calculating accurate parans, and stars to an astrological chart.

[14] Brady, Bernadette, Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, p. 13.

[15] Ibid., Brady’s Book of Fix Stars, p. 13.

[16] De Dantillana and von Dechend, Hamlet’s Mill, p. 307., in “Brady’s Book of Fix Stars,” pp. 13-14.

 

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abbreviation:  jul = non uniform Julian Calendar. This calendar often interlaced to the Catholic Liturgical Calendar adopted in Catholic countries to have the year count begin on the Vernal Equinox, because this date was much closer to the real birth date of Christ, although they supported the near winter solstice one, on 25 th of December to appease the majority of faux Christians -- better to have some then have none --so we see royals, their girlfriends and extended families use this vernal year count up until the last quarter of the 16 th century. The Gregorian Calendar Reforms took affect gradually and not automatically as most MEAMIC books report.  The point is that nothing is uniform and ephemerides were still outcrops of the12 th century, although updates to the alphonzo tables were being better advanced in the East, under Mughāl and Mongālis princes, these ephemerides record positions in the 12 th century and then are analyzed, as with the NASA, tweaked Swiss Ephemeris, I use becaiuse it is free and I cannot afford any astrology program and my poverty provides me with a Pentium 3 and over 10 year-old outdated computer. But all of these ephemerides are not perfect or even correct.

 

Copyright © 1999 - 2014 Michael Johnathan McDonald