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Chinese Civilization, Creation, Astrology, Astronomy, The Concept of Time Management

By Michael Johnathan McDonald

Chinese History -- Ancient

terms: A calendar before Yüeh Ling  called Hsia Hsiao Cheng: The first month begins mid-January to Mid-February – this calendar, like the Sumerian Venus tablet, refers to Mercury and not Venus as a ‘morning star.’ Venus is referred to the morning star, because Lucifer was referred in the Bible to Venus as the morning star; in Revelations Jesus is referred too as the morning star, but Venus is not said in the text – so it still could be thoth/Mercury, as tradition of Plato and the Hermeticum. Hsia Hsiao Cheng = Mercury as the morning star. see, Chou Li ( the Rites of Chou) to mean ‘planet,’ and occurs in the Shih Chi ( Historical Records) as the name of the planet Mercury. One must remember that both Venus and Mercury stay close to the sun, and are seen rising in the morning before the Sun, but never at midheaven at night – are these two planets ever at these positions. This makes them quite different from the outer planets – a makeable distinction to specialness.

terms: Yüeh Ling: A later calendar called ‘Monthly Instructions’.

terms: nighttime starts the count of the hours of the day. So Sunset, the stars could be recorded and mapped according to days.

Spica is ‘Zero’ Point.

28 Lunar Mansions of Original Chinese Astrology

Hsiu 1 (Chio) Horn

virginis, ζ, α (Spica), vide Yüeh Ling

between 14h and 13h a few degrees below the equator.

“The Horn is that of the Dragon in Spring” While Jupiter is the sometimes referred too as the Spring (Wood) star, portents of good things, sometimes, the Star Arcturus most likely was the original star before Spica replaced it as Hsiu 1. The Star Arcturus once was considered to be a part of the Great Bear.

“If Spica is regarded as ‘0’ then allowing for the procession of 1 degree for every 72 years, Spica would have marked the equinoxes of about the middle of the sixth century [ mjm—check this on astro [dot]com] of the present era, and it is reasonable to suppose a change might have been made in astronomical computations at about this period [ from Arcturus to Spica!] (p. 90). mjm—Spica was not always seen as the nest star or lucky star in all Chinese star literature. Because it is always from a perspective that Spica benefice can manifest its tributes too. For example, Spica may benefit ones enemy, which of course would be non-beneficial to the conquered. At least there was some critical thinking involved in the study of fortunate verses unfortunate in a social context. Hsiu 28 Chen ‘The board which forms part of the construction of a carriage; a running board; corvi βγό[ό? as symbol],ε [α?] [ Corvus], between 13h and 12 h below equator is also lucky.

Symbol of Creation

The Symbol of Creation was Spica, the wet season, the spring wet season and the calendar appearance of baby animals, new foliage growth, and things renewing from the cold winter cover of snow. Therefore, the New Years’ officially was celebrated in Spring, just as the Sumerians had done, as well as the Liturgical calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. The Orthodox church celebrated it on All Saints Eve ( Usually the last day of October of each year, that is the fall – today the atheists twisted it to mean Helloween, or demons, witches, and devils galore!) – highly pagan.

In western measurement such as 14 hours (14h) of right ascension, do not confuse it with the Chinese system, it does not matter, it is only for comparable mapping purposes for pedagogical purposes.

Equinox = Justice / Democratic?

In Western Astrology Libra is associated to the symbol of balance, i.e. Justice.

Mjm—Astrology began when Libra was in the Spring Equinox. “In Chinese astronomy, that the constellation Libra derived its name from being the part of the zodiac occupied by the Sun at the time of the equinox ( latin: Balance ?). As the equinoxes occur in Pisces  or Leo at present [ really?], this would mean the name of the balances’ was given to the ‘equinoctial’ part of the zodiac either a thousand years ago or, at the other extreme 13,000 years ago, when Libra would have corresponded with the Spring Equinox. As the zodiac has been recorded thousands of years before the present time [ not by Rameses II (or III)], clearly the former date is untrue [ really?] (p. 167) These statements come from Schlegel – maybe the constellation was at mid-heaven or was rising?

Perspective Difference between Chinese and Greek/Western Astrology

Chinese use the North Pole Star as the Astrological boundaries in which to use divination. Western Astrology used the opposite, that of the ecliptic – a totally divergent system predicated upon long developing traditions. The Chinese use 28 lunar days as passages around their horoscopes/ astro charts, whereas in western Astrology, the Sun is used to pass through made up 30 degree sections devised upon a Tropical division (parsimony, the academics could not grasp anything more complex) where the Zero point is the equableness of the Sun’s passage across the ecliptic where day and night are equally divided by time. Therefore the precession of the equinoxes – that is not really a good term – describes any number of elliptical located constellations that regress about one degree every 72 years. Critics of astrology cite this evidence as proof that astrology is based upon stupidity. However, this system called the tropical system which is the modern basis of our calendar is championed by the critical academics because of its easy systemic – whereas a true calendar based upon the motion of the constellations against the backdrop of the earth moving around the center of the Milky Way, would be too difficult for critical astrologers to contend with – thus the hypocrisy.

Chinese Concept of Time – Ancient.

Chinese astronomer/astrologers of ancient created time reckoning by the passage of Jupiter around the constellations.


Hsiu 2  K’ang Neck

virginis, λ, μ, vide Yüeh Ling.

unlucky: Element: Water. Day: Friday. Planet: Mercury

Animal: Dragon. This perhaps was an adjusted calendar from a later date as the Sun began in virginis in Hsiu I. Today, the second Hsiu is regarded as the New Year, and this Neck of the Dragon (a mega-constellation) indicated that passage of the precession marked an adjustment in the Calendar to move the New Year toward the Mid-winter/ and later winter, compared to the Winter Solstice which occurs in the western calendar as of 1567 as the 21st -23d of each December– depending upon the apparent speeds of the Sun’s vantage point to the Earth. The Earth revolves around the Sun at a faster rate in the winter and a slower rate during the summer – due to gravitational pull on the Earth by the Sun’s gravity. This was known to the Greeks during their pre-classical time. During the Chinese New Year the capstone of the parade is highlighted by the Dragon- train – thus virginis and originally the star Spica was the Zero point of the ancient Chinese calendar.


Hsiu 3  Kàng , Neck, vide Yüeh Ling

librae, α, β, γ, ι.

unlucky: Element: Earth. Day Saturday. Planet: Saturn. Animal: Marten.

“It presages rain and wind in Spring.” “The calamities brought by this constellation are due to the failure to make proper obsequies, or pay respect to one’s elders. If marriages are conducted on this day, evil men will be attracted into the house at night.” (Walker 94) [a backdoor man, a 1960s reference to a cheating wife who has a boyfriend on the side of her husband]


Hsiu 4  Fang , Room (house, shop), vide Yüeh Ling

scorpionis, (β, δ, π, υ, ς),

(ancient house of Antares!): Due to the precession of the Equinoxes ( actually the constellations, about two-three thousand years ago), Antares moved into Hsui 5.

lucky: Element: Varies. Day Sunday. Planet: Sun

Animal: Rabbit. [ Rabbit is the sign for Pisces so possibly eight-thousands years ago this configuration of assignment may have come into being!]


Hsiu 5  Hsin , Heart, vide  Yao Tie; Hsia Hsiao Cheng (not in Yüeh Ling), Mentioned in the Shih Ching ( Book of Odes).

scorpionis, α (Antares), τ .

unlucky.  Element: varies. Day: Monday. Planet: Moon. Animal: Fox.


Hsiu 6 (Wei) Tail

scorpionis, (ε,μ,ξ,θ,ι,χ,λ,υ) vide Yüeh Ling

Inheritance, succession: fortunate day for building and negotiating marriages, which will result in rich descendants. It presages findings of hidden treasures, and promotion to high office.

Lucky.  Element: Fire. Day: Tuesday. Planet: Mars. Animal: Tiger.


Hsiu 7 (Chi) Winnowing Basket (a.k.a. ‘dung basket’)

Mentioned in Shih Ching ( Book of Odes)

sagitarii (γ,δ,ε,η), between 19 h and 18 h.

In many eastern countries in history, dung was a valuable commodity, and only known fertilizer and soil. In Ireland, sometimes a similar commodity was harvested.

Lucky, Element, Water; Day, Wednesday; Planet, Mercury, Animal Leopard.

Industrious, opens new avenues of opportunity, very lucky.


Hsiu 8 (Nan) Tou ( Southern) Ladle or dipper

sagitarii (μ, λ, φ, σ, τ, ξ ) vide Yüeh Ling

every kind of good fortune. Note, lucky number 8 in eastern religion, associated to money.

Lucky: Element: Wood. Day Thursday. Planet: Jupiter

Animal: Unicorn.


Hsiu 9-10 have been in dispute

Ox and the Maiden

Altair, the ox-boy; and Vega, the Weaving Maiden.

From different dynasties, these positions in the sky were seen differently, or differently recorded – also these constellations, Capricorn and Aquarius are some of the most written about constellations in Chinese literature; nebula Praesepe in star lists in Kuei, Hsiu 23; also the ox-boy and maiden may not be in constellations, but somewhere joined in connection.


Hsiu 9 (Ch’ien) Niu Ox (-boy) (The Draught) Ox

capricorni, (α, β, ξ, ο, π, ς), vide Yüeh Ling

Unlucky. Element: Metal. Day: Friday. Planet: Venus. Animal: Ox.

(Servant) Maiden

(Sometimes known as the ‘Weaving Maiden’)

But none of these authorities includes the star Altair, which is germane to the whole Ox-boy and Weaving Maiden legend.” (Walters, p. 101).


The Age of Aquarius

The Age of Aquarius is the Age of Slavery and Hell! It is Water, the beginning, it is Saturn ( traditional planet of misfortune)

Hsiu 10 : (Hsü)  Nü ( Servant) maiden ( sometimes known as ‘Weaving maiden) as slave/servants made clothes for the richys!

aquarii (ε,μ,υ,g ) vide Yüeh Ling

Diseases, like prostate cancer, quarrels with authorities, parents, and among family members ( lolz, like me! w/ Sun conjunct Saturn (Natal)). Unforturnate, Epidemics and Illnesses, perhaps plagues. unlucky omens – bearing in the mind that under Chinese folklore the bat is an emblem of good fortune.

unlucky. Element: earth. Day Saturday. Planet: Saturn. Animal: bat.


Pegasus also Unlucky in Chinese Star Maps

‘Family/self = plunged into ruin

Hsiu 11 :  (Hsü)  Void

β aqurii, α equulei: vide Yao Tien; Yüeh Ling

β aqurii = Sad-al-sud.

α equulei = Sad-al-Malik

Most likey a ehile place of a wasteland, inhabited by ravenous beasts. Symbolic of death, tomb, seplecure; to Chinese and Arabs, it was associated to bring storms or just snow – i.e the wet season. between 20h and 21h, and β aqurii below equator and α equulei as above.

unlucky. Element: varies. Day Sunday. Planet: Sun

Animal: Rat.

“This is the determinative constellation of the Northern Palace.” (Walters, p. 103), a possible description of the wasteland north of China, perhaps the barbarian domain, the Mongolians/Huns, etc... Hyskos?


Hsiu 12 :  (Wei)  Danger (rooftop)

α equarii; pegasi , ε, θ.   vide Yüeh Ling

Just as in western astrology Greek mythos, Pegasus falls because Icarus flies  to close to the sun. Here in Chinese emblemism is the rooftop, which is a dangerous place to work or play.

unlucky. Element: Earth. Day Monday. Planet: Moon

Animal: Swallow. Wei= danger, from Book of Rites. The Chinese character means rooftop.  

In history, the constellation is sometimes known as the ‘Celestial Marker’ (one of several by the name), “because, apparently, of the three day markers held at the time of the Winter Solstice [when as stars move?]. It is a sign of construction, fortifications (war) and earthworks. Also travelers can be attacked on journeys on land or water.

[MJM—Note close to the ‘Lightening Tower’ Jewish Cabala, so a linking is in order.]

“The meaning of Wei is danger, although apparently, according to the Book of Rites, the character means ‘rooftop’ which the three stars resemble.” (Walters, p. 105)


Andromeda/ Pegasus

Hsiu 13 :  (Ying) Shih  House , pyre 

α (Merhab) and β Pegasi [~ 22h] : vide Yüeh Ling, mentioned in the Shih Ching (Book of Odes). The constellations Hsiu 12-13 were once together as one, where Markab is 23h+ and β Pegasi is 23h + above the equator. “Present day astronomers refer to the four stars as ‘The Square of Pegasus’’. Note, the building and Pegasus, the story of Icarus falling from the sky because he was too close to the sun and his wings got burnt, are associated with buildings, especially high buildings that seek to reach toward heaven. The story of the fall of the Babylon tower is such an association. The square in astrology is stress, whereas the triangle is harmony. The ceremonial pyre perhaps were sacrificial temple fires to burn offerings – in hopes to ward away the death of the other persons of the group. The sacrifice of humans were to appease the star ( gods) because of the known vengefulness of the star-patterns, someone had to die. So if humans could take babies or persons from their communities and sacrifice them to the gods, they believed that they appeased the thirst for blood of the gods and therefore no invasions or disease would come into the community and take otherwise what was due to the god. It was the social understanding of paying the devil his dues. Since building, and House, are square symbolism in this β pegasi structure, γ Algenib 24h+ do indicate civilization. Where nomads and wanderers and gathers settled down to make permanent abodes, construction was needed to house the populations. This was deemed lucky, as it brought about good. Yet, at the same time, the notion of sacrifice of blood was needed as when one wanders and gathers, or lives a nomadic lifestyle, there is no need for sacrifice as they can run away from invading danger. Once the boundaries and fortifications are built around the community (perhaps getting larger to a city) there is always danger of marauders and conquests from outside groups. So there is a danger with civilization.

lucky. Element: Fire. Day Tuesday. Planet: Mars. Animal: Pig.

Northern Palace Andromeda/ Pegasus 21h-23+

Western Palace = Pisces 0h+ 1h+


Hsiu 14 :  (Tung) Pi  (Eastern) Wall

α andromedae, γ pegasi (Algenib), vide Yüeh Ling.

Mentioned ( as Ting, above) in Shih Ching

Formally a part of the constellation Ting, together with Hsiu 13. “The ancient astrological significance was that of [the] archives, or a state repository of some kind. The division of Ting into two constellations, one being a building, [sic] and the other its ‘Eastern Wall’ seems to suggest the original meaning of Ting was as some kind of Treasury, or perhaps a resident of the God of Wealth.” (p. 107). I say that a wall is to keep out the marauders; it is a part of the civilization process or boarders and securities.

α andromedae = Alpheraz (a double star, white and purplish on the Chained Women’s head), (1900: PED 12 ARI55; 2000, 14 ARI18; RA 001 26 57; DEC 1950 +28 48 52, LAT + 25 40 53;MAG 2.15;SP B8.

Formally the constellation of Ting, together with Hsiu 13 ( Walters, p. 107).

lucky. Element: Water. Day Wednesday. Planet: Mercury. Animal: Porcupine.

In Arabian astrograghy, Alpharatz, other spellings, Alpherat, and Sirrah derive from the Arabians’ Al Surrat al Faras, “the Horse’ navel,” as the star was formally associated to the constellation of Pegasus, whence it was transferred to the women’s hair” (Anne Wright 2008), ( the top-left of her temple, above her left ear – appears to our vantage as her right ear). Many alpha stars in ancient history were associated to some fortune of financial gain. remember that the Chinese direction of east in general is life and is of fortune. So the eastern wall is associated to a barrier where the treasury was kept. Most likely, as most inhabitants of the eastern geographical location on the Asian continent understood that invasions from land had to come either from the west, south or north – thus the logical place to keep a walled barrier to the city’s riches was, of course, due east!


Hsiu 15 :  K’uei  Astride, vide Yüeh Ling.

andromedae (η, ξ, ι, ε, δ, π, υ, η, β ) piscium (σ, τ, L, υ, Φ, χ, ω ).

Legs as (Astride), or sole of shoe. “Astrologically, the constellation represented the arsenal of the Emperor. The symbolism is somewhat inchoate; there are admonishments to wash old clothes and double the thickness of garments by lining them, as a precautionary measure against the oncoming cold of Winter.” (Walters, p. 108). “Likely hood of family quarrels, and discord among acquaintances, lawsuits are lost.( Walters, p. 109).

Unlucky. Element: Wood. Day: Thursday. Planet: Jupiter. Animal: Wolf.


Hsiu 16 :  Lou Mound (Bond), vide Yüeh Ling.

arietis (α, β, γ ).

This constellation is associated with the harvest, and its attendants, rites and sacrifices. There is a general thanksgiving, at which the people are assembled, with much music.” (Walters, p. 109). People gathering, harmony, all sorts of music and festivities; denoted peace within the Empire.

Lucky. Element: Metal. Day: Friday. Planet: Venus. Animal: Dog.


Hsiu 17 :  Wei  Stomach ( actually means storehouse) ,  vide Yüeh Ling.

arietis, 35, 39, 41 (musca borealis),

associated to storehouse of goods, and riches, but on the negative side, perhaps prisons, and “according to ancient astrologers, the related element was Metal. Basically a sign of good fortune, abundance and wealth.

Lucky. Element: Earth. Day: Saturday. Planet: Saturn. Animal: Pheasant.


Hsiu 18 Mao Pleiades

vide Yao Tien, Hsia Hsiao Cheng (not in Yüeh Ling), Mentioned in Shih Ching under old name of Liu.

No name, dispute over name by scholars. Some say ‘harry head.’ But this is considered a cluster formation of seven prominent ( but there are more) stars.

Mao ... Pleiades ... the ears and eyes of Heaven ... the determining constellation of the Western palace. The western palace, color white is associated to death – a rather portent of the name of the Chairman Mao Tse-tung, who had been estimated in orchestrating about 60,000,000 Chinese and other indigenous persons’ deaths under his totalitarian tyranny in the mid to third quarter period of the twentieth century.

“very much the same symbolism is expounded by modern astrologers, who see the constellation presaging lawsuits and death within the family. The results of misguided actions [Mao’s biographies are littered with this excuse!]  – the beginning of new construction or the digging of trenches [ beginning of a new chapter of industrialization of China, or in this sense a state!] – is regarded as heralding unhappiness, when little children will be as close to the grave as old men with long white beards. [note: industrial periods are often not happy times, as it is hard work!] Marriages contracted today are regarded as woeful, with separation of the partners.” “The Pleiades are the determining constellation of the Western Palace.” (Walters, p. 112).

unlucky. Element: variable. Day Sunday. Planet: Sun. No animal.

The “character Mao is the fourth of the twelve Branches; and that the same symbol appears in the character for Hsiu 24, Liu, the Willow [hydri, σ,ε,ξ,ω,θ,ρ,υ]; in fact the old name for the Pleiades was also Liu, [...] and the resemblance can be seen. “the Ancients astrologers held that when the Pleiades flickered, it presaged an invasion of the barbarians [ from the north!]. They were regarded as ears and eyes of Heaven, and for that reason were considered to preside over the end of criminal or judicial proceedings; if the constellation was bright and clear, it signified proceedings being dropped. It was also considered to indicate military involvement ( perhaps on its ancient augury of invasion) and as these two aspects – criminal proceedings and military matters –both touched upon untimely death.” (Walters, p. 112).


Hsiu 19 :  Pi Net  vide Yüeh Ling. Mentioned in the Shih Ching (Book of Odes),

Hyades & α (Aldebaran), ε, δ, γ, χ, σ, σ2, λ tauri.

Lucky. Element: varies. Day: Monday. Planet: Moon. Animal: Crow.

“[...] treachery and desertion [from military] have apparently been forgotten. They are regarded as fortunate for building, and for interment, the former bringing fortune, the latter honours. Long life is assured to children born of a marriage today.” (Walters, p. 114).


Hsiu 20 :  Tsui (Chui) Beak (of the Turtle) ‘to bristle up’,   vide Yüeh Ling.

orionis λ, 1, 2 . [supposedly the head area, a small portion which can be traversed in minuets]

:Virtually part of the constellation which follows, and usually considered to be the head of Orion, this exceptionally minuet constellation would be traversed in minuets rather than days if the figures for the Equatorial Extension given in the Ming Yün Ta Kuan are accepted.” (Walters, p. 115). “These [ stars] seem to be entirely at variance with the ancient symbolism, presaging punishment and exile; a fatality in a Yin year ( a year of the third Branch, or Tiger year), the necessity to sell property, arraignment for murder, and a death sentence. These woeful portents are of course, as with most modern portents, the result of wrong doings which can be avoided; but they  are not inescapable bonds of Fate; Tsui should be taken as a stern warning.” (Walters, p. 115).

“The small triangle is thought to represent the beak of a turtle, but as the ‘tortoise’ belongs to the adjacent constellation, there is no likelihood that it was formerly regarded as part of that constellation — particularly as the ‘Dark Tortoise’ faces the other direction. It is obvious that ‘the head of Orion’ had to be cut off in order to make seven constellations for the Western Palace. In Ssu Ma Ch’ien’s treatise, the three stars called the ‘Turtle’ and forming the head of the ‘White Tiger’ presided over flocks, herds, arid people under protection.” (Walters, p. 115).

unlucky. Element: Fire. Day: Tuesday. Planet: Mars. Animal: Monkey.


Hsiu 21  Shen Orion (To Mix) vide Hsia Hsiao Cheng; Yüeh Ling. Mentioned in the Shih Ching ( Book of Odes).

orionis α, β, γ, σ, ε, θ, χ; These include Betelgeuse, Rigel, Bellatrix, and three other stars (uncertain).

It is regarded both as lucky and unlucky – perhaps the perspective of the observer? Connected to Literary achievements, and the beginning of building projects and beginning of new ventures which therefore presage success. It is not lucky for winding up affairs or for burials, since these will be followed by sickness or the death of a  distant relative. Nor is it a good day for marriages and betrothals which will end in separation of the parties. For new ventures, however, dignities will be conferred. Industry is the keynote. (Walters, p. 116). This is the Hunter of western astrology or the great warrior of Chinese astrology. Orion presides over decapitations, executions, massacres, fortresses and frontiers.

[It is the original swastika on many ancient and modern cultural artifacts! –mjm] 

Variable fortune. Element: Water. Day: Wednsday [ named after warter!]. Planet: Mercury. Animal: Ape.


Hsiu 22  (Tung) Ching The (Eastern Well), vide Yüeh Ling.

geminorum ( μ, υ, γ, ξ,ε, δ, ζ, λ)

“Among the many portents are the fact that it is regarded as fortunate  to build, open doors, take examinations, or raise silkworms; such efforts  will accrue great merit. Industrious labours in the garden, or digging ditches and watercourses, or the opening of new ways will in time bring  great riches. It is also fortunate for cattle sheep, and horses, which will grow fat and prosper. Land belonging to widows will increase in value,

and bring them an income.” (Walters, p. 118). There is no western well, so the description of ‘eastern well,’ is not yet explained. The stars make no direction as they move around the sky.

Variable fortunate. Element: Water. Day: Thursday, Planet: Jupiter. Animal Tapir. 


Hsiu 23 (Yu) Kuci (ghost or Ghostly Carriage), Described in the Hsing Ching

cancri γ, δ, υ, θ, Presespe.

It “is cut by the ecliptic, and therefore eclipses may take place within the actual constellation itself, rather than just the segment of the sky ruled by this Hsiu. The ‘Ghostly Carriage’ is not so much an evanescent vehicle as the transport for ghosts themselves, who can be seen riding in it. According to the Hsing Ching, at the centre of the constellation there is ‘something white like a cloud of pollen blown from willow catkins,  like a cloud but not a cloud, like a star but not a star; it appears  like an aura; it is the place of bodies heaped up . . .‘ This passage  is interesting if only fitting to allow us a glimpse of what an ‘aura’ looked  like (the word being Ch’i.” ( Walters, p. 121). The auras most likely were refractals of light and moisture and perspective. They do not portend to mist nor fog, but optical illusions formed by these three integrals of factors. “The constellation is regarded as presiding over departed spirits, and be extensions, places where men have been killed, such as battlefields, and by further extension, horses, soldiers, and materials. In a sense, death and loss, the constellation also was regarded as the guardian spirit of buried treasures hoarded up in times of war, thus, jewels and accumulated wealth.” (Walters, p. 120). Note that in horoscopes, the caner ascendant is regarded as a place where many conservative party members have their 1st house/ ASC.  It is a place of respect of ones ancestors, or the people that brought the prosperity to the current generation. Notably, many liberals despite soldiers fighting foreigners for economic prosperity and economic self-sufficiency, while taking part in that prosperity themselves. The overwhelming Venus attributions to the constellation are noted in Chinese sources. Venus is the dominate bringer of these ‘responsibilities’ for predecessors and relatives for their sacrifice, as well as the generally unlucky symbolism of the death and sacrifice of relative made for future generational prosperity. One wonders why the Chinese called Mercury the ‘Morning Star,’ (While the Bible calls Venus the Morning Star), as it is a rather logical and unfeeling/unemotional attribution of symbolism in opposition to the competing emotionally felt family heritage or communal tradition of the compassionate but volatile Venus. The overall symbol of the constellation is a box-star formation, a possible building block as all nations begin conservative before branching out politically to non-conservative movements.  Such is the mystery of the ‘base’ of any thing. The solid base is four points that form any square, a solid foundation, but here the constellation is telling of a closed nebula ( are bad portents in all astrology) which suggest a malefic nature. In western Astrology, Cancer is rather the house of the nurturing moon, the ‘base’ of the mother as conservative ( she is conservative because she makes babies and for millennia has not ‘progressed’ to another form of being.) stalwart for our human beings. Note that the constellation Caner intersects the ecliptic, which may have more meaning to our current state of the polar- angel of our earth spinning than we might want to realize. Between 8h and 9h.

unlucky. Element: Metal. Day: Friday, Planet: Venus. Animal Sheep. 


Hsiu 24, Liu, the Willow (hydri, δ, σ, ε, ξ, ω, θ, ρ, υ), vide Yüeh Ling.

Nothing should be undertaken during this day, funerals are associated to this day; and Faults and harmful actions are followed by discord, illness and ruin. (Walters, pp. 121-122).

unlucky. Element: Earth. Day Saturday. Planet: Saturn. animal: Buck.

δ = Year 2000 PED at 10LEO18, RA 128 45 09.

σ = Year 2000 PED at 11LEO13, RA 129 02 11.

ε = Minhar al Shuga (variant, Minaruja): Year 2000 PED at 12LEO21, RA 129 02 11. called “the snake nose,” Magnitude of 4.54.

ρ = Year 2000 PED at 12LEO55, RA 131 26 47.

θ = Year 2000 PED at 20LEO17, RA 137 56 27.

υ = Year 2000 PED at 05VIR42, RA 147 16 05.

ξ = Year 2000 PED at 08LIB00,  RA 172 38 04.

Note the other stars here are Mira variables, named after the star Mira of which come from a class of pulsating variable stars characterized by reddish hues, pulsation periods of more than 100 days, and light amplitudes greater than one magnitude. They are red giants in very late stages of stellar evolution ( the asymptotic giant branch) that will expel their outer gaseous envelopes as planetary nebulae and become white dwarfs within a few million years. According to modern thermodynamics and physical of interstellar space, the larger a star is at birth, the faster is uses up its fuel and changes.

hydri contains seven double stars, in which only Alphard ( alpha Hya, 30 hya) has an apparent magnitude of 1.98, the rest are either too dim to be western astrological stars, or are changing in visibility from earth’s atmospheric perspective. The alpha star is in Hsiu 25, as the alpha stars were beneficial, and in the Willow, or weeping willow – meaning shedding of tears, is an unhappy Hsiu – so ultimately, placing Alphard into Crater and cast as the Bird star or “Vermillian Bird.”

Alphard and Spica are the two most ancient stars to be reputed in ancient Chinese texts. Alphard was then called “the star’; which heralded the Summer Solstice, or Mid-Summer in the Chinese Seasons. “After it became well established as the Bird Star, it became known simply as ‘the Star; after which, because of the other stars near to it, the name ‘Seven Stars’ came into use.” (Walters, p. 122). [mjm – The symbolism of seven days of creation, the seven seals, of note here]

The Hydra was most likely connected to inundations, or continual precipitation which formed swampy grounds. In Latin it is termed the ‘water snake,’ (excreta), because it was said when one head was cut-off three more grew out of the neck, thus the gushing of water or cresting of water breaking water barriers and flowing out in all directions as heads of a river, perhaps. In Greek mythology, one of Hercules tasks was to shore up the Hydra, thus closing off the many heads that flooded, devastated community. It could symbolize civilizations movement toward water management, thus damology, and irrigation circuitry. Since waterborne viruses were able in days when sanatationology was not understood, plague most likely, as it did during the early modern age in Europe, spread through unclean water visages, and streams.  When dead bodies or dead animals were thrown into streams or small rivers, the communities or settlements down stream received poisonous or polluted water, which in some cases born dangerous toxins to the human body.

Since flooding and ‘spewages of floodwaters.’ are associated to these empiricisms, we may perhaps be able to date these Leonic, Virginis and Librae stars to either the springtime or later winter seasons – thus placing the precession of the constellations way back into time. When the Pleiades was at the Winter Solstice, perhaps, Leo was at the Spring Equinox about 8,000 years ago – placing the beginnings of civilizations, or settling down and beginnings of agriculture to these myths. Therefore, we have passed the seven thousand year mark, which would date the seventh millennium at about 5,000 BCE and add onto this figure another three millennia. So around 7,000 BCE these myths were begat and this was before the flood references in both Chinese, Sumerian (Gilgamesh!), later Biblical (Noah), and Greek mythologies. Under this hypothesis, then added later were the flood myths. Perhaps dating in the Bible is coded or incorrect.



Hsiu 25 Niao Bird Seven Stars; (The Excellent Star), vide Yao Tien, Yüeh Ling, pictured on Oracle Bones.

α,ι,τ (1,2,) 19, 26) hydri,

unlucky. Element: varies. Day: Sunday. Planet: Sun. Animal: Horse.

Note, the number 7 is unlucky. Bible Creation, days of the week, 7 veils and other seven symbols of apocalypse.

The Bird Star; The Southern Palace as the ancient constellation Vermilion Bird. (p. 122) Alfard the bright star which was regarded in the corresponding Western name for the star which was regarded as marking the Summer Solstice; it is one of the two oldest recorded stars in the Chinese catalogue.” (p. 122). Note mjm: that these summer solstice stars had changed over time in history, this can only be referred to a timeframe – so for backdating purposes.

Why unlucky? Well wars, campaigns were waged in the Spring to Fall months, and Summer was one such time to make war and conquest. Brigandage, villainy, highway robbery, etc... were always conducted in dry seasons as mints and currency passed through areas. In winter months , the roads were icy, wet or snowed, so moving valuables and trade were relegated to the dry days.


Hsiu 26, Chang, Drawn Bow; Extending, spreading

 (hydrae, α, λ, μ, υ, Φ).

“The name of this constellation has been taken to mean ‘spreading’, as of a net, the pattern of stars having some semblance to a spread net: The symbolism was of game collected for a feast, and therefore the constellation portended festivities. By extension, because it was the custom to give presents at such occasions, it was regarded as indicating presents; because of the cooking involved for the feast, it became associated with the kitchen, the preparation of food, and utensils.  However, the more ancient portents were that when the  constellation could not be seen, it was a sign that the Emperor would  become ill.” ( Walters, p. 214).

Lucky. Element: varies. Day: Monday. Planet: Moon. Animal: Deer.

“Modern astrological portents: this sign is generally favourable, right conduct being reworded, and offering riches after a successful career, and the flourishing of one’s business, symbolized by the industrious silkworm thriving happily. It is the sign of happy and harmonious relationships, and the acquiring of new property.” (Walters, p. 124). So here is the happiness stars/ constellation.


Hsiu 27, I Wings, vide Yüeh Ling,   

Stars of Crater, Hydra, and Centaur.

“Modern astrological portents: the modern portents are very gloomy compared with the happy picture of celebrations and music which are interpreted by ancient astrologers; the present view is of continual (chronic) illness, and calamities befalling both the spouses of anyone married on this day Those who take to outside work this day are likely to return home to find their wives in the arms of their lovers. The day is also inauspicious for arranging celebrations to one’s ancestors: it presages the child having to leave the country” (Walters. p. 125)

Unlucky. Element: Fire. Day: Tuesday. Planet: Mars. Animal: Snake.


Hsiu 28, Chen The Board which forms part of the constellation of a carriage; a running board, vide Yüeh Ling.

corvi [α] β, δ, ε.

Water, and Wednesday, both denotative of water and the lucky planet of Mercury make this a benefic Hsui. This constellation is sometimes called ‘the Central Carriage.’

Lucky. Element: Water. Day: Wednesday. Planet: Mercury. Animal: Worm.

“It represents the transport of tributes from foreign lands to the Emperor, thus, symbolizing the advent of wealth. It also presided over travel of all kinds and vehicles in general. Because the noise and the speed of carriages as they rolled along headlong, it was also thought that this constellation symbolized the wind, and was thus looked to for a good wind, or the end of a hurricane. There may be a more ancient connection between the symbolism of a carriage ‘flying’ along with the speed of the wind, and the traditional name for the Southern Palace — the Vermilion Bird. Modern astrological portents: this constellation presages events in business which will bring great profit. Whatever is done on this day will herald fortunate returns. The construction of ‘dragon’ terraces will see  the builder attending functions of high office, and the award of riches.” (Walters, pp. 125-126).

Suu Ma Ch’ien – The Offices of Heaven

Directly Above the Northern Hemesphere turning perspective. The north star that never sets or rises, but is eternally seen each night is the ‘central focal point’ for the mythos here in Chinese as well as anything else. It represents tangible matter and consistence  --- everything rotates around its presence, it thusly matters as the pivot of all life in the heavens as represented by adoption of humans on earth. As above, so below.

The Central Palace, the bright star is T’ien Chi (Heavens’ Pillar, the home of the Great Monad, T’ai ( from which Yin and Yang are generated.) The three stars to the side of it are San Kung, the three lords, also called Tse Shou, the Heirs. Behind in a curve life four stars; the last and the brightest is Cheng Fei, the Principle Wife; the other three are ladies of the harem. Around them in a square are twelve other stars Fan Ch’en, the Bodyguard. All these stars belong the Purple Palace Tse Kung ( and therefore represent the Emperor and his family.)

In the Conjecture reconstruction from Suu Ma Ch’ien’s original position of the 28 syllables of the Jupiter cycle terms, Mao is 20, which its Chinese character means ‘Luxuiriant,’ a fitting epitaph in that Mao Tse-tung was the only (multi) millionaire in China during his reign. While people starved and needed funds, he kept his wealth close to him and not his people.

Jupiter belongs to the East, and to Wood, and it presides over the Spring.

T’ai Sui, The Year Planet –Jupiter – The Year Star

“When there is a failure of justice, punishment are wrought by the Year Planet. When the Year Planet is in advance, or behind its proper place [ retrograde?], it determines the Fate of the realm corresponding to the Hsiu in which it is found; such may not be vanquished entirely, but several prominent persons may be punished for their wrongdoing.” [ i.e. scapegoats](p. 197).

“When it is in advance, the corresponding region suffers endless wars; when it is in retardation [ retrograde], the corresponding realm is devastated, the army leaders wiped out, the royal house collapsing in ruins. When Jupiter is in its proper place, with the other planets all gathered together in the same Hsiu, then the corresponding realm will be admired by the whole world for its stability and prudent government. ( in the first year of Han Kao Ti, 202 BC, all the planets were gathered in Hsiu 22, Ching ( the Well).” (p. 198) mjm –Note, As I have looked at bucket charts, as well as stelliums, there seems to be no hard aspects such as squares, oppositions, not T-squares, which are not harmonious – but challenging. Here, the grouping of stellium(s) under a constellation of two close constellations, as the Chinese star maps often combine two parts of a western constellation – thus there system is different – the unifying theme is that a bundle perhaps does not show these stresses and peace, accord and admiration are the result.

The Chinese star mapping of Jupiter’s course through the heavens seen from Earth.

“The Year Star moves eastward 12 degrees; then at the end of 100 days it stops and retrogrades [ translation here] through 8 degrees; at the end of 100 days it begins its journey eastward again; in one year it travels 30 7 / 16 degrees [ actually this is not the case, as Jupiter’s cycles in 11 . + years as a mean and not a full 12 years –mjm]; on average it travels everyday by a twelfth of a degree; in twelve years it makes a complete ciruct of the heavens.

[If] It appears in the east at dawn; it sets in the west at 6 pm.” (p. 198)

So the Chinese map out a planet through the constellations, each constellation ( not everyone like the western ones, but often similar) has a particular characteristics associated to it, thus giving prognosticatory advice.

The names for Jupiter, sometimes called the “Wood Star.”

Sources for Chinese Astrology:

Core of Chinese classical books number at nine, and for convenience are divided into five ‘Ching’ or canonical works, and for ‘Shu’ or books generally. The five are: the I Ching or Chou I, ‘Book of Changes of the Chou Dynasty,’ the Shu Ching, ‘ Book of Poetry,’ the Li Chi, ‘Book of Rites,’ and the Ch’un Ch’iu, ‘Spring and Autumn Annals’ ( this too is a kind of historical record). The four Shu are the Lun Yü, usually called the Analects’ or ‘Sayings of Confucius,’ compiled by his disciples, the Ta Hsüeh, ‘Great Learning,’ also by a disciple of Confucius, the Chung Yung, ‘ Doctrine of the Mean,’ ascribed to the grandson of Confucius, and the MengTzu, ‘Works of Mencius.’ The oldest classical writings are generally accepted to be the Shih Ching and the I Ching. The former, the Book of Poetry, is regarded as a compilation made by Confucius. They represent a long oral tradition, and some of the verses may date from the earlier part of the Shang Dynasty (1765 -1122 BC). Consequently, the astronomical references in them are of great interest to researchers. The ‘Book of Changes of hte Chou Dynasty’ is for the main part a collection of folk-sayings and formulae of a very early date, with commentaries traditionally ascribed to Confucius, although this is not generally accepted by scholars. The text of the ‘lines’ of the I Ching are said to be by Wen Wang and Wu Wang, and if so, date from about 1100 BC. Several passages in the I Chang may have an astrological symbolism which has been overlooked. “ (p. 22)

“The ‘Spring and Autumn Annals’ record events between the eight and fifth centuries BC; added to these are a number of astronomical commentaries, based upon observed events, such as the appearance of Haley’s Comet in the region of the Northern Ladle (the plough) in 613 BC, something which would only have been known from actual observations by writers at the that time. It follows therefore that although the Tso Chaun ( Commentary by Tso) and Kuo Yü (Observation of the States), both ascribe to Tso Ch’iu Ming (died AD 647), did not appear in print until the eleventh century, there is a basis of reliable scientific observation in those early writings.” (p. 22). “The four ‘Books,’ principally concerned with moral conduct, are of lesser concern to the present work [ on astrology], although occasional references may be made to them.” (p. 22-23).

Non-Classical works, include Shih Chi, the ‘historical Record,’ and the Huai Nan Tzu the ‘Book of the Prince of Huai Nan,’ both of which are written in the second century BC.

The Historical Record by the Grand Astrologer Ssu Ma Ch’ien was the first attempt to make a systematic history of the Chinese [ a work begun by his father], and was imitated by the chronicles of each succeeding dynasty. “ (p.23) mjm—commentary: Ssu Ma Ch’ien lived poor and survived in persecution by the lords he served, castrated by the emperor for supporting a rival faction, and instead of committing ritual suicide he had decided to carry on his fathers work, a work upon which a history of China was first recorded into a systematic history of Chinese people. Being persecuted, thus in such a humiliating servitude, it is remarkable that he turned to astrology and gave it so much weight into Chinese historical discourse of their history.   The cycles or directions of Jupiter play an important role in his observations toward the passages of states, societies, natural phenomena and basically luck and unlucky attributes to all phenomena. He pressured the perpetual and cyclical phenomena of Chinese times, periods per say, the way the universe in a social context was constructed. One would have wondered if he had been an aristocrat would he have been someone so dedicated to mysticism and the occult – achieved in his writings.

“The contemporaneous ‘Book of the Prince of Huai Nan,’ derived from obviously similar sources, is a collection of essays by different authors on various occult subjects. It contains some philosophical material which Ssu Ma Ch’ien would obviously have been aware of, but did not need worthy of inclusion in his volume.” (p. 23)


Ssu Ma Ch’ien, China’s first real historian summed up what was known before about astrological treaties.

How to understand the Animal Signs of Chinese Astrology and not to mix them up with the ecliptic western/Greek zodiac signs.

Jupiter in various Asian astrological treaties and almanacs, including Tibetan, Mongolians and others, use the term ‘ Wood Star,’ describe the planet Jupiter or as the Year Star. Jupiter’s movement through the heavens makes up time relative to the divisions of a year - -as it roughly takes a little under twelve full years to traverse a circle in the heavens.   Jupiter is a feminine aspect in Chinese history and not a male aspect in the western counterpart of Zeus (later Jupiter in Roman lexicology). “The following section of the planet Jupiter would be unintelligible even to the astronomically minded without an explanation of some of the technical terms which are used. “First , the ‘Jupiter Stations.’ These are divisions of the Celestial Equator into twelve parts, similar to[o] , but not, it must be stressed, the same as, the division of the ecliptic into the twelve signs of the zodiac.” (Walters, pp. 192-193). Remember, the Chinese do not only use the elliptical constellations as with western astrology, but utilize constellations outside of the ecliptic for the northern visible hemisphere constellations. “These [divisions] are known as cyclical signs, Tze, Ch’ou, Yin, etc.” (Walters, p. 193).

‘Counter-Jupiter,’ is a visional phenomena, where the planets appear to travel backwards through the sky because the Sun traverses the sky, approximately one degree per day, a consistently faster rate. Other planets had shown this backward progression as well, as apparent from the observation from the earth.  thereby, not knowing what these phenomena were these ancient astrologers adopted this terminology and therefore wrote observation of that Jupiter had the correct’ course in ‘progressive’ direction as well as the other planets, as opposed to the Sun’s apparent motion. These things created all kinds of difficulties. The year, although broken up into five -72 day divisions,[1] accounted roughly for twelve equal divisions for months. Jupiter’s sidereal progression lasts approximately about 12 years (actually a little under that at 11. something). Jupiter being superior to the Sun therefore became the model whereupon the calendar and the charts of astronomy were cast, recorded and further observed.

“Thus was conceived the twelve-yearly ‘Jupiter Cycle’ or Great Year of twelve earthly years, which derives its terms from the position which Jupiter occupies in the Celestial Equator in any year. (Later, animal names were attached to these signs which became used to designate not only the years and months, but also the hours as well.)Jupiter was therefore called the Sui Hsing, Year Star, and ‘Counter-Jupiter’ the T’ai Sui the Great Year. Within a specific context, the actual planet Jupiter became called simply the Star, and Counter-Jupiter, (as an abstract concept, rather than an astronomical body) the Year. As the text of the passage on Jupiter is very repetitious, for convenience of reference and reading the first part, dealing with the various terms used for the progress of the planet and ‘year’, is given in tabular form. (The text for the first of the stations is however also given as prose.)

These tables can be compared with the table given by Dr. Joseph Needham on page 403 of Volume III of Science and Civilization in China. It will be seen that the cyclical numbers given in Dr Needham’s table do not match the ones given by Ssu Ma Ch’ien, although the year-names are the same. By the same token, the ‘associated Hsiu’ in Dr Needham’s table are also in a different order.” (Walters, 195). Counter Jupiter became the timepiece in which time was set up to texualize and numerically understand time. Time being a creation of human’s intelligence to order the universe as a structured compound of materialism, Time is the spirit unto which ethereal consciousness of our human brains relates to our materialistic environment.


Αα     Alpha

Νν     Nu


Ββ     Beta

Ξξ     Xi


Γγ     Gamma

Οο     Omicron


Δδ     Delta

Ππ     Pi


Εε     Epsilon

Ρρ     Rho


Ζζ     Zeta

Σσς    Sigma


Ηη     Eta

Ττ     Tau


Θθ     Theta

Υυ     Upsilon


Ιι      Iota

Φφ     Phi


Κκ     Kappa

Χχ     Chi


Λλ     Lambda

Ψψ    Psi


Μμ    Mu

Ωω    Omega



[Hsui] Day Houses of the Moon (a.k.a. Lunar Mansions)

Stars indicated with Greek alphabet symbols to their respected constellation – not the same constellations as the ancient Greek/Sumerian/Chaldean/Babylonian/west!

Four Symbols

Mansion ()


pinyin +variant

lit. translation, & source.

vicinity in northern hemisphere

The Azure Dragon of the East


Jiăo, Chio

Horn, vide Yüeh Ling


virginis, ζ, α (Spica)




Neck, vide Yüeh Ling


virginis, λ, μ,


Dī, Ti

Base (Floor, foundation, root), vide Yüeh Ling


librae, α,β,γ,ι.



Room (house, shop), vide Yüeh Ling

scorpionis, (β, δ, π, υ, ς)

(ancient house of Antares!)




Heart, vide Yao Tie; Hsia Hsiao Cheng (not in Yüeh Ling), Mentioned in the Shih Ching (Book of Odes).

scorpionis, α (Antares), τ .



Tail vide Yüeh Ling

scorpionis, ε, μ, ξ, θ, ι, χ, λ, υ.


Jī, Chi

Winnowing Basket

sagitarii, γ, δ, ε, η

The Black Tortoise of the North



(Nan), Tou

(Southern) Ladle or Dipper, vide Yüeh Ling

sagitarii, μ, λ, φ, σ, τ, ξ




Ox (-boy),(The Drought) Ox, vide Yüeh Ling


capricorni, α, β, ξ, ο, π, ς.



Nǚ (Hsü)

Girl, vide Yüeh Ling

aquarii, ε,μ,υ,g



Xū, Hsü

Void, vide Yao Tien; Yüeh Ling

β aqurii (Sad-al-sud)

α equulei (Sad-al-Malik)



Danger, (rooftop), vide Yüeh Ling

α equarii

Pegasi , ε,θ. 



Shì (Shih ),(Ying)

House, Pyre, vide Yüeh Ling. Mentioned in the Shih Ching ( Book of Odes)

α (Merhab) and β Pegasi


Bì, (Tung), Pi

(Eastern) Wall, vide Yüeh Ling.

Mentioned (as Ting, above) in Shih Ching.


α andromedae, γ pegasi (Algenib)


The White Tiger of the West


Kuí, K’uei

Legs as (Astride), or sole of shoe. vide Yüeh Ling

andromedae η, ξ, ι, ε, δ, π, υ, η, β  piscium σ, τ, L, υ, Φ, χ, ω




Mound (Bond), vide Yüeh Ling

arietis α, β, γ




Stomach ( actually refers to storehouse), vide Yüeh Ling

arietis, 35, 39, 41 (musca borealis)




vide Yao Tien, Hsia Hsiao Cheng (not in Yüeh Ling), Mentioned in Shih Ching under old name of Liu. (dispute over name by academics)



Bì, Pi

Net, vide Yüeh Ling.Mentioned in Shih Ching.


Hyades & α (Aldebaran), ε, δ, γ, χ, σ, σ2, λ tauri



Zī, Tsui (Chui)

Beak (of the Turtle) ‘to bristle up’,   vide Yüeh Ling.

orionis λ, 1, 2




Orion (To Mix) vide Hsia Hsiao Cheng; Yüeh Ling. Mentioned in the Shih Ching (Book of Odes).

orionis α, β, γ, σ, ε, θ, χ


The Vermillion Bird of the South


Jǐng,(Tung) Ching

The (Eastern) Well, vide Yüeh Ling

geminorum  μ, υ, γ, ξ,ε, δ, ζ, λ



Guǐ, (Yu) Kuci

ghost or Ghostly Carriage, Described in the Hsing Ching

cancri γ, δ, υ, θ, Presespe



Willow, vide Yüeh Ling.

Hydri δ, ε, ξ, ω, θ, υ, ρ


Niao, Xīng

Bird,  Seven Stars, (The Excellent Star), vide Yao Tien, Yüeh Ling, pictured on Oracle Bones.


α (Alphard, the Bird Star) ,ι,τ (1,2,) 19, 26) hydri.



Zhāng, Chang

Drawn Bow; Extending, spreading, source unknown

hydrae, α, λ, μ, υ, Φ.



Yì, I

Wings, vide Yüeh Ling,

Stars of Crater,, Hydra, and Centaur




The Board which forms part of the constellation of a carriage; a running board

corvi [α] β, δ, ε



In both the Babylonian Venus Tablet and the Miscellaneous Observations by section of Ssu Ma Ch’ien, Mercury and not Venus are called “The Morning Star.” In the subsection on Kingdoms Ruled by the Twenty-Eight Hsui Ch’ien writes, “Those who live to the North-East, the Ho, the Mi, the Yüeh Chih and those people who wear padded felt clothing and draw bows [ the predecessor Huns/Mongol heritages?] live in the Yin region. [ Tin as a feminine quality]. Corresponding to the Yin are the Moon, the Great White (Venus) [ Metal, associated to West, war, death, ghosts and afterlife] and the Morning Star ( Mercury) and auspices are taken North of the Star Chieh; Mao, the Pleiades (Hsui 18) presides.” ( Walters, p. 232). Perhaps, more notably that the ascription of the feminine aspect of the barbarians, Ch’ien points out the attribution of Hsui 18 to these people and their region; The Pleiades portent military incursions,  and the association to death to the Constellation appears a social remark to possibly the uncivilized quality of the mainly nomadic tribes that lived pastoral and hunter-gather lives – periodically as history has revealed to rise up and usher in some of the most vast Empires in history. Without any connection, the numerological Chaldean number of 18 is 100% materialism that battles spiritualism. Then after commenting on these qualities, Ch’ien then turns to what Chinese astrology was all about -- prediction.

He states, “Returning to the auspices taken from the Great White, it presides over the Middle Kingdom, and when the Ho and Mi make their raids and pillages, such are portended by the appearance of the Morning Star (Mercury). The planet Mercury appearing and disappearing indicates malcontents and upheaval. It presides over the barbarians Ti and I; these two planets play the roles of Host and Guest.” ( Walters, p. 232).



Shang Dynasty: Dragon Bones


1.      Xia: ( 2200-1750 BC) Legendary dynasty of idealized emperors who were paragons of virtue and wisdom, venerated as the inventors of many aspects of Chinese culture (Not substantiated in Archeology).


2.      Shang: ( 1100-256 BC) First historical dynasty; foreign invaders from the north (Mongols) who established themselves in the Yellow River plain, expanded throughout northern China, maintains power through shamanism. In the 12 th Century their power eclipsed by a nearby tribe.

a.      Beginnings of writing ( Dragon Bones)

b.      Beginnings of religious practices

c.       Beginnings of local governments

d.      Beginnings of art

e.      Beginnings of Great Wall of China  (c. 600 BCE)

f.    (Derek Walters) Astrology 16th to 11th century BCE; dragon bones –scapulae used by ancient diviners. 2,000 prior the Chinese had systematically recorded the heavens – picture signs refer to lucky and unlucky stars. Perhaps the Ghost Carriage ( cancer – four stars with a nebula in the center) was represented already. Mainly from fragmentary texts; “A remarkable example concerns the naming of two constellations known as the Ox-boy and the Weaving Maiden. As they stand at present, the bright stars are out of alignment with their repective constellations, which would have been the case five or six thousand years ago.” (p. 19).


3.      Zhou: (1100-256 BC) Long reign, nearly a thousand years. Chinese culture spreads from north southwest to the Yangtze Valley. Feudal decentralization of power, started under Shang, continues, bringing on a period of chaos, violence. The great Chinese philosophies emerge during the last three to four hundred years of Zhou rule. Troubles are resolved when a new dynasty emerges.

a.      Iron Casting (c. 600 BCE)

b.      Lao Tze( Daoism/Taoism c. 600 BCE)

c.       Confucius ( c. 551 BCE)

d.      Longest Ruling Chinese Family

e.      Elementary Silk Road Established (c. 400 BCE)


4.      Qin (156-210 BC) Very short lived but enormously important because it is the first to conquer all other states, achieving full supremacy by 221 BC. It imposes on all China a non-feudal, bureaucratic centralized form of government (which lasted until 1912).

a.      Shri Huand hui: First Emperor of land

b.      Descended from North

c.       Great king of  Terror is theme

d.      Unifies China

e.      Distains Confucianism

f.        Promotes the darker side of Taoism

g.      Work on the Great wall

h.      Tax slavery to majority of populas

i.        End: progressive high taxes and hatred from majority of peasants.

j.        Peasants revolt


5.      Han (206 BC-Ad 220) A military state, successor to Qin; established Chinese influence in most of Asia. Powerful and glorious, very important. Almost all Chinese still refer to themselves as “people of Han.” Collapsed under multitude of pressure.

a.      Beginning of Mandate from Heaven (From the sky will come the great King)

b.      Begins with low taxes results in peace.

c.       Chang’an first capital of China

d.      Beginnings of looking toward moral leaders

e.      Beginnings of Confucianism worship (to religion)

f.        Beginnings of Huns ( Future Mongols mixing) separation from the Han (100 BCE) Attacks over control of now prosperous Silk Road.

g.      Empire expands into Afghanistan and regions around Caspian Sea.

h.      Daoism grows into a life extension business.

i.        Beginnings of Lao Tze worship.

j.        Work on the Great wall

k.      Late Han: Beginnings of Confucius exams.

l.        End progressive high taxes, government official corruption increases political hatred from majority of peasants


“Dark ages” (220-589) Continues wars, values upturned, cultural eclipse. Buddhism introduced. North China overrun by barbarians, caused cultural mixing.

m.    Siddhartha Quatama (c. 517 BCE India) Buddhism comes from India via India – Tibet- Afghanistan to the Silk Road

n.      North Western tribes descend (c. 589 -618); Cultural mixing of Turks/Hun/Mongols;

o.      Beginnings of the new dynasty


6.      Sui (589 - 618) Created new single state by military force; very short period of domination, but did not lead to disintegration.

a.      General (Wei) unites China and is from the North.

b.      Work on the Great wall


7.      Tang (618- 907) Long and prosperous dynasty under which Chinese culture reached its peak of perfection not experienced before or since. Dominated east Asia; constant threats on northwest boarders by Turks and other barbarians. Collapse lead to chaos and delusion.

a.      Turks and Mongols descend and begin dynasty

b.      Begins with low taxes results in peace.

c.       Peak of perfection and called the Golden Age of China

d.      Domination of all east Asia.

e.      Confucius exams installed

f.        Expand Empire to Soviet Asia.

g.      Gathering of Blood Sweating Horses

h.      Beginnings of cavalier forces.

i.        Rebuilt Changon

j.        Gun Powder invented

k.      First Women Empress

l.        End: progressive high taxes, government official corruption increases political hatred from majority of peasants


8.      Song (960 – 1279) “twilight dynasty,” perpetuated the cultural achievements of the Han and Tang dynasties in the south, while barbarians ravaged the north.

a.      Paper Money widely used

b.      Begins with low taxes results in peace.

c.       Women’s feet binding

d.      Work on the Great wall

e.      Mining coal

f.        Mining natural gas

g.      Salt tax ( French will take this idea westward)

h.      Harbor cities constructed

i.        Grand Canal Period

j.        Close to End: political calls for help against restless peasants to the (Northern peoples) Mongols by government (Plan Backfires).

k.      End: progressive high taxes government official corruption increases political hatred from majority of peasants

l.         Kublai Khan takes advantage marches into China and takes over from the north.


9.      Yuan (1279-1368) a Mongol dynasty, founded by Genghis Khan. For the first time in China is directly attacked to Europe by virtue of being part of a greater Mongols Empire. In 1368 nationalist rebels drive Mongols out.

a.      Incredible Rein of Terror at conquest

b.      Introduction of Christian and Muslim into society and ruler ship positions.

c.       Beginnings of Beijing ( Peking) new Chinese capital

d.      No work on the Great wall

e.      End: Southern Religious Revolt


10.  Ming (1368-1644) Last real Chinese dynasty perpetuated the patterns of civilization established by the Han and Tang. By 1644 the Ming collapsed in the face of barbarian pressure from the north.

a.      Beginnings of most superior Navy in history concluding to scraping it all together.

b.      Begins with low taxes results in peace.

c.       Major work on Great Wall

d.      Beginnings of major European trading opens and Christianity make a major assault to convert all the Chinese people (C. 15th Century) Ran by the Pope.

e.      Jesuits and Dominicans war over conversion policies; Chinese people take sides, and Emperor finally kicks out both in 1724 (similar happenstance in Japan c. 1700s) Keeps one Jesuit for scientific purposes.

f.        Closing China to the world (except for coastal trade and propagandist accounting cover up by emperor) Japan closes to world (1625).

g.      China has first gun ships and large navy, which could have colonized most of the world in domination, but Confucianism expounded to extreme passivism proclivities, the navy was disbanded.

h.      Close to End: political calls for help against restless peasants to the (Northern peoples) Manchurians by government (Plan Backfires).

i.                                End: progressive high taxes government official corruption increases political hatred from majority of peasants



11.   Qing (1644-1912) A Manchu dynasty, but more sinicized than all previous conquerors, they actually became more Chinese than the Chinese. This dynasty was terminated as a result of the Republican Revolution of 1911.

12.  Republic of China (1912 – 1949) Fragmented and weak from the beginning, it experienced strong leadership under Jiang Jieshi, who fought an exhaustive was with the Japanese and then succumbed to the Communist forces of Mao Zedong.

13.  Peoples Republic of China (1949 – present) A one part Communist dictatorship under Mao Zedong, it suffered a series of disasters as a result on his policies , but has fared better under his successors since the 1980s

Hindu mythology and Vedic cosmology

Manharishi Mahesh Yogi on the Bhagavad Gita translation and Commentary (Akana: 1990), pp. 253-254.

Hindu mythology and Vedic cosmology: The universe is cyclically created and destroyed.

Age of the Universe!

365.244 times 100 = 36524.4

36524.4 times 4,320,000,000 = 157, 785, 408, 000,000.

échelle longue [long scale] = 1,000,000 times the previous term: billion ( from bi and million), and means a million to the power of two of more million millions (10 to the twelfth power!). And ‘trillion,’ ( from tri and million) means a million to the power of three or a million billions ( 10 to the eighteenth power), and so on. However, we are using the échelle courte [short scale]  more and more around the world. so

échelle courte = a system to refer to a large number names in which every new term greater than a million is 1,000 times the previous term: billion means a thousand millions ( 10 to the ninth power). And a trillion means a thousand billions ( 10 to the twelfth power), and so on.

Using the short- scale, the numerical number of our universe is 157 trillion years old; or 157 to the twelfth power or 15.7 to the thirteenth power. This places our universe at a much, rather extreme distance than what our theoretical physicists tells as the numerical universes’ age. However, with the new string-theory and the more adopted multi-verse theories, we can now dismiss the old classical mechanics of our age of our universe.

The life span of Lord Brahma [god], the creator, is equivalent to 100 ‘Brahma-Years.’ One day in the life of Brahma is a called a Kalpa or 4. 32 billion years. Every Kalpa (one day in the life of Brahma), Brahma creates 14 Manus one after another that in turn manifest and regulate this world. So these are communicated as fourteen generations of Manu in each Kalpa. Each Manu’s life (Manuvantara) consist of 71 Chaturyagas ( quartets of Yugas or eras).[2] Each Chaturyuga is composed of four eras or Yugas: Satya, of which spans 1,780,000 solar years [ communicated as human years!], Treta Yuga comprises 1,296,000 solar years, the Dwapara Yuga comprises 864,00o solar years and the last of the subyugas as Kali Yuga which comprises 430,000 years – according to tradition. Some authors have shortened this to co respond to the ending on the year of 2012, which according to their calculations would be 5,000 solar years that the Kali Yuga had lasted. According to Aryabhata, in which a large majority ascribe to his calculation, the Kali Yuga begun at Krishna’s demise in the month of January of 3102 BCE. This places, therefore, the year of Kali Yuga at 5,112 for the year of 2010. In 1999 the numerical sum was 7, as the Kali Yuga was at the solar year of 5101.



[1] note, 72 times 5 = 360, a relationship to the equanimity of Sumerian/Babylonian/ and later Chaldean equations for timeframes were similar.

[2] Bhagavad Gita,  trans., Manharishi Mahesh Yogi (Akana: 1990), pp. 253-254.



Walters, Derek, The Complete Guide to Chinese Astrology: The Most Comprehensive Study of the Subject Ever Published in the English Language,  3d  ed. (London: Watkins Publishing, 2005), first published in 1987 by Aquarian Press, Reprinted in 2002 by Watkins Pub.



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