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Archangel Michael Article II
Bookoflife.org © Michael Johnathan McDonald
Released: 07 December 2011: (2: 10 p..m. Studio City, CA.)
Article ii, sec. i, c
Claudius Ptolemy, Copernicus recordings of astronomy and the Star Regulus and the Basilide Movement, and Astrodienst conflicts.
In the second year of Emperor Antonius Pius (Titus), on the ninth day of Pharmuthi, the 8 th month by the Egyptian Calendar, Ptolemy (b. circa 85 – d. 165 A.C.E.) observed at Sundown the position of the star in the breast of the lion, Basilicus or Regulus. The year is equivalent to 139 A.C.E. ( assuming Year 1 is the birth year of Jesus).  This information was reproduced by renounced astrophysicist and best-selling author Steven Hawking in hopes someone can figure out what is going on in our Universe. In California, the land of the nuts and fruits, the division of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory works on astronomical data continuously, to the best of their capabilities. The world’s intelligent astrologers will use these latest editions of the ephemerides and expand them to build and commercialize their products and often claim incorrectly their product is accurate for 45 arc seconds of discrepancy for 5,400 B.C., which remains a fallacy. Any type of disagreement to the data systems can hurt the family’s income of these commercial businesses. So correcting any ‘assumptions’ by academia or public-government funded space-agencies remains always a dangerous business.
NASA is not in the business to calculate correct ephemerides for 6,000 B.C.E. or for that matter 1 A.D. They are only interested in a window of 100 years, past and future of Epoch ‘Now’! However, astrologers and historians or any of the ancient disciplines of the past rely on astrologers to correct their civil and spiritual calendars to align historical and archeological data. So to the best of their ability, these astronomical meetings including the international community often meets to offer new obliquity models and engage in the lasted scientific understanding of space-time – to adjust their previous calendars and astronomical data.
The world’s calendars are very complex and only religious institutions try to organize the complex history. For example, The Tyndale House, a subsidiary of Cambridge College (UK) tries to organize the Egyptian calendar from its correlation to the Roman Republic and the very early Roman Empire calendar. The first of Pharmuthi takes place at 27 March, and at 1 B.C. goes stable as the extra days are added at the end of the year, instead of the former idea of shifting the entire calendar every four years.
In the Early Christian Years, the Egyptians used the Roman-Alexandrian calendar, but in other places, even at Alexandria some traditionalists in varied communities all over the known world used the Egyptian calendar. Most astronomers used astronomical calendars, and Ptolemy cites many of these to correlate to the future people on Earth how to correlate ancient time to the modern. The Roman civil calendar(s) was based upon a war (153 B.C.E.) and drunken triads (Julius Caesar walking drunk into the Curia, demanding a return to the 1 January New Years’) and caused great confusion for astronomer/astrologers recording their positions of the heavenly signatures. After the Gregorian reforms of the mid-to-later sixteenth century, Julius J. Scaliger misread the ancient sources and place year zero into the calendar to which further confused astronomical time. His father, to which Nostradamus had known, positioned himself as an arrogant scholastic and called all the great contemporaries filthy names (and ancient heavy weights as well, thus before he died he burned all his correspondence understanding people may get to his game if he left an even greater recorded of his evil disposition), when today historians write that he had no idea to what they were saying. This perhaps rubbed-off to his son and apparently he was not as intelligent as previous scholarship had claimed. The Astronomical Community continues the same disregard to astronomical and calendar accuracy and created zero January 1900 (0 January 1900 A.C.E.) as a real calendar date. This discrepancy has made it into many ephemerides from programmers who had remained unaware of the great historical blunders.
Then there are astronomical anomalies which are difficult to pin-point. An asteroid or a comet can slightly change the Moon’s revolution to which affects the barycenter between Earth and its Moon and thus disrupt the Obliquity, even at a slight change which goes unnoted in the historical record but throws-off the astronomic linear-static data that makes us wonder about the varied recordings of the Obliquity at different epochs. In order to align our historical buildings, our historical cultures and civilizations, and understand our time and place in our world, we need to consider that maybe the ancient astronomer/astrologers recorded the obliquity changes as accurate rather than being a pompous arrogant individual who intends they know more than others – so others must be wrong. So let’s us return to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (J.P.L.) astronomical ephemerides and check the accuracy or inaccuracy of long distant calculations.
The late Egyptian Calendar: There are three seasons, four months each of 30 days and 5 days added at the end of the calendar year. Pharmuthi is the fourth in the Winter Egyptian Season. After Rome took control of Egypt they implemented the Julian (Cæsar) calendar and added a leap year called a sixth epagomenal day for every four years. The first use of this sixth epagomenal day occurred in 22 B.C. This pushes the dates backward by one day when we align our current calendars. For those who intend the Sothis Cycle as a viable Egyptian calendar need to read my study upon this fallacy argument. The Egyptians may have for centuries employed this system but they eventually had to throw this calendar system out of their calendric systems – it did not work because there are actually no real cycles, and things are more geared to relativity or apparent cycles.
The late Egyptian Year begins on 30 th of August (initial Roman reforms for civil organization, later stabilized) and the dates are shifted one day until the end of February of the Julian leap year. Thus in a following leap year, the 1 st of Pharmuthi would be 27 March of the Old Style calendar, Julian. Pharmuthi is the fourth winter month, and the eighth month of the Egyptian calendar. So from March 27 to March 30 we have three days, and then adding five we have 5th of April. So according to how Copernicus reports Ptolemy’s work, the calendars bear no witnesses to conformity of today’s modern calendar. However, it is a possibility that our current calendar and our ephemerides are so corrupted we have no idea, as historians continue to argue over fact verses fiction based upon unreliable source calendars. The closest match in today’s modern ephemerides consists of the dates of Alexandria 22,23,24, of February of the year of 139 A.C.E. This is completely different than the 5th of April as the Tyndale House data I used had not projected it into the 100s A.D., but already had shown a static calendar by this point to which I derived the 27th of March. Still even with the calendars not matching, the astronomical positions of the angles and these planets and these stars do not line up correctly no matter how one fudges the data to make them fit into conformity, and as well as to how Copernicus explained Ptolemy’s observation for the breast star of the Lion.
Since the dates according to the J.P.L. promulgated system employed by the Swiss Ephemeris does not line up, we have estimated the heavenly bodies’ positions and then attempted to back engineer what was actually observed. Ptolemy relates that on the ninth day of Pharmuthi, the 8 th month by the Egyptian Calendar, in the second year of Emperor Antonius Pius, at about 5:00 p.m, first observation, and 6:00 p.m., the second observation, at Alexandria, we can correlate this to the J.P.L. (Astrodienst) system and to see what is happening.
Astrodienst: Swiss Ephemeris 5:00 p.m., Alexandria 22 February 139 A.C.E., Julian Cal. Sun at 2° 45’04”, Ptolemy records 5 equatorial hours the Sun’s position was 3 1/24° [03 PIS 09’ ( or 03 PIS 12’30”) I’m tired and hungry] of Pisces. At this time Ptolemy found the Moon about 92 1/8° east of the Sun, hence 5° 1/6 of Gemini. Astrodients program places the Sun at 02PIS45’04” and the Moon at 22 TAU 52’36”. 4° 43’S. Therefore it is 80° 07’32” east of the Sun. Adding the longitude form the horizon, according to the Astrodienst program, 19° 23’ 36” will be over the estimation; The Universal Time is 15:00:24., the Sidereal Time is 3:02:47 (Astrodienst).
Ptolemy takes the distance of Regulus to the east of the Moon for 57 1/10°. (Regulus PED  is about 4 degrees of tropical Leo. So this means Ptolemy is making a naked eye observation to which is not a P.E.D. An Astrodienst chart fixed stars, Placidus, has Regulus at 04LEO03’43”; latitude 00° 23’13”, with Regulus at 00° 49’, and approaching at a chart creation of 3:26 p.m., UT 13:26:24, S.T. 1:32:29. At this time the Moon is at 05GEM00’09” and the Sun is at 03PIS40’38”, according to Astrodienst. The ascendant is at 03LEO14’31”. Declination of the ascendant is at 19° 37’30” N. Therefore -30° = 01° 19’31” which the raw distance without the ascendant correction of 49’ and approaching has a signature of 58° 40’29” It is 57° and one tenth distance from the Moon to Regulus, about six hours since noon, when he could see this star.
From 4 degrees of Gemini at Midheaven, Ptolemy records Regulus as 57 1/10° = 57° 06’ from the Moon’s longitude. The Astrodienst program has 57° 51’29” but many hours prior, at 3:26 p.m., UT 13;26:24, S.T. 1:32:29. But Ptolemy places 4° Gemini at the Midheaven before he makes his Regulus estimation.
At 6:00 hours (called in the source as equatorial hours, not Roman time keeping,) after Noontime, according to Ptolemy, he makes his Regulus observation. If it was Roman timekeeping the Sun would still be above the western horizon at Alexandria, and thus the star could not be measureable. According to Copernicus, Ptolemy claims the M.C. is at 4° of Gemini and the Astrodienst program gives the M.C. at 03GEM46’27”. Again, the calendar dates have no bearing on reality.
The Moon at this time is 06GEM22’03” and the Sun is at 03PIS47’00”. Therefore the M.C. is at 03GEM46’27” and the visual arc of Regulus is at 03LEO14’43” ( note, not the P.E.D. of 04LEO03’43”) and the Moon is at 5 1/3° Copernicus’ with some suggested parallaxes of one hour to adjust Ptolemy’s position at 5 equatorial hours, and hence, 5° 1/3 of Gemini ( 5° 20’ suggestion by Copernicus) still does not correct the discrepancy. So at this exact time, Astrodienst gives the Moon 06GEM22’03”, with 04° 5’S. This discrepancy then removes the sidereal position of Regulus considerably. The star then according to the Astrodienst program gives Regulus’ position at (diff. 31’44” =) 59° 28’16”. This is about 59 3/7° of a distance from the Moon to Regulus. Ptolemy, according to Copernicus gives us 57° 06’ (discrepancy of 01° 36’47”).
So what is the discrepancy? The discrepancy between Astrodienst chart and the Alexandrian Ptolemy observation is 01° 36’47”. Those would argue that working in astrology or even astronomy, this discrepancy remain unacceptable. Most popular and no scientific astrological books and commentary would claim Ptolemy, Copernicus and others were incorrect according to our modern ephemerides – however this may not be the case at all.
Our most advanced systems of ephemerides consist of a static and linear obliquity rate (00.992” per solar-year) to which is communicated as a dynamic system. A dynamic system would be more robust where rate changes increase and decrease as the good astrologers of all cultures have taken their periodic measurements. The reason why it remains a mean static linear regression of the obliquity is that upon the Astronomical Community’s consensus, no one really can come to a consensus over the longer rate a few hundred years prior to 1 A.D. and then a faster rate during the 1,000 A.D. period and then slowing back down to a longer rate which was shorter than the pre 1 A.D. rate.
Different topic, The Moon is found when the Sun sets at 92 1/8° equidistance and at this time the Moon is 5 1/6 of Gemini; but Copernicus suggests that it was correct for the Moon to have moved 1/4° from 5:00 p.m. to Sunset ( including parallax). The Sun sets according to the Asrtodienst program at at 5:50:56 p.m., with 2 seconds of arc discrepancy (The Sun at 03PIS46’37”, AC at 03PIS46’39”). At this time according to Copernicus’ reading of Ptolemy’s observation at Alexandria, The Moon is at 5 1/6° (i.e. 05° 10’) of Gemini. The Astrodients program has the Moon at 06 GEM 17’14” at this very moment (discrepancy of 01° 07'’14”).
So what is the position of the Moon to Regulus? To Ptolemy, the visual reference to the Star was have 57 1/10° and the Moon moves more or less 1/2° in one hour and to subtract the parallax of 1/4° (i.e. 15’). This gives the Astrodienst Regulus signature at 06 GEM 02’14” but Astrodienst using J.P.L. already factors in parallax, the claim intends; and Copernicus’ parallax correction of Ptolemy implies 05 GEM 05’. So the actual discrepancy considers some 01° 12’14”. Modern have a habit of claiming the ancients incorrect when this may not be the case at all. J.P.L. bases their obliquity rate change on an unscientific liner/mean regression. This means they have no idea about our distant space-time- past.
For example, the discrepancy of 01° 12’14” under the modern and most used J.P.L. ephemerid system would imply a change for some 1,000 years at 00° 15’22”, and 4,000 years at 01° 01’28”. And some 500 years would imply a change of 00° 07’41”, so 4,500 year discrepancy is still well under the value of discrepancy found as this would place the 4,500 discrepancy at 01° 09’09” (circa. -4,361/2 B.C.E.), still well short of 01° 01’28”). One degree using our visual sight can be approximately measured by the index finger’s width. It is a substantial cosmic distance in an astronomical context and a cosmic visual experience.
Before communicating Copernicus’ findings, we did this for an audience to see these steps in the process, as most business man will just take the findings without knowing or confirming the measurements mathematically or visually. The Astrodienst program gives alpha (α) Leo, Regulus a Projected Elliptical Degree of 04LEO03’43, and a true Alexandrian arc on this day of 03LEO14’43” (my calculations). Copernicus then gives the value outright as 02LEO30’, including a parallax correction.
We used Astrodienst program with the date of 22 February 139 A.C.E which gave us the closest approximations to the observed heavenly phenomena as related by Copernicus of Ptolmey’s visual astrolabe recordings of the Sun, M.C., Moon and Regulus to position the fixed stars on the grid system of the primum mobile. Copernicus gives the distance of Leo, cited above and says that the distance of 32 1/2° from the summer solstice of the Sun with the northern latitude of 1/6°. “This was the position of Basiliscus [i.e. Regulus’ name before Arabic ascriptions, circa. pre-1000s A.C.E.] ; and consequently the way was laid open to other fixed stars [ecliptically measured]. The observation of Ptolemy’s was made in the year of Our Lord 139 by the Roman calendar, on the 24 th of February, in the first year of the 229th Olympiad.”
Unfortunately, like academia, and privy to business, Astrodienst will call me a liar. However, this is just a scientific experiment and conditioned upon the Astrodiesnt claim that accuracy is to the arc second, when it remains obvious that the J.P.L. models are only apparently accurate from a 100 year time-frame forward and backward of Epoch 2,000 and still nothing matches even in these years.
corrections and technical inquiries to